19 - Lecture Notes, January 8, 1997: Leibnizo-Wolffian...

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Lecture Notes, January 8, 1997: Leibnizo-Wolffian Metaphysics G. J. Mattey Kant was first and foremost a German philosopher: he wrote in German for a German audience. That audience was most familiar with the philosophical tradition begun by Leibniz, then modified and systematized by Leibniz's younger contemporary Christian Wolff. Much of Leibniz's philosophical work was unknown. In presenting the rudiments of Leibniz's metaphysics, I will quote his paper known as the "Monadology" (1714) which was published in German translation in 1720. In Leibniz's ontology, real things are substances . A substance is a being which is capable of acting on its own. Each substance has any number of qualities. God is the one and only infinite substance, and through the act of creation, God brought into existence infinitely many other substances ( entelechies ). God's existence can be proved in several ways, including by the ontological argument. "God alone, or the necessary being, has the privilege of necessarily existing if he is possible. And
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2011 for the course PHILOSOPHY 113 taught by Professor Gerogemattey during the Winter '10 term at UC Davis.

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19 - Lecture Notes, January 8, 1997: Leibnizo-Wolffian...

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