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lecture 2 - Structure and Function of Prokaryotic Cells...

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Structure and Function of Prokaryotic Cells • Outline – Differences between Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes – Nucleoid – Cell membranes – Cell walls – Locomotion – Inclusion bodies
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Structural differences between Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes Prokaryotes have no defined organelles – DNA is not bounded by a membrane Prokaryotes are generally much smaller in size – Equivalent to a mitochondrion in eukaryotes
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Large surface / volume ratio means more rapid transport rates faster growth rate Excretion of waste products Import of nutrients
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