Ll - His 315L(39090 Dr T.M Gill Reading Questions 1 To qualify for citizenship under the Dawes Act Native Americans had to adopt the habits of

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His 315L(39090) Dr. T.M. Gill Reading Questions 1) To qualify for citizenship under the Dawes Act, Native Americans had to adopt the habits of civilized life. Assess the meaning and implications of such a standard. As Dawes explained that he was intended to improve the lot of the Indians by providing them with private property and opportunities for citizenships but most of the land grants were inadequate, and the emphasis of individual land ownerships eroded trial unity. As he said every Indian born within the territorial limits of the United States to whom allotments shall have been made under the provisions of this act, or under any law or treaty, and every Indian born within the territorial limits of the United States who has voluntarily taken up, within said limits, his residence separate and apart from any tribe of Indians therein, and has adopted the habits of civilized life, is hereby declared to be a citizen of the United States, and is entitled to all the rights, privileges, and immunities of such citizens, whether said Indian has been or not, by birth or otherwise, a member of any tribe of Indians within the territorial limits of the United States without in any manner impairing or otherwise affecting the right of any such Indian to tribal or other property. 2) According to Turner, in what crucial respect did western states differ from those on the Atlantic coast? As Turner explained, there were vast differences in the western states and the Atlantic coast with respect to civilization and culture. The western states practiced slavery where as the Atlantic coast did not. The western states were developing very rapidly with the advent of industrialization and innovation. There were several changes taking place with respect to the life style and technology as well as innovation in case of the western states. They were also facing changes in the political and administration systems where in they had to face abolition of slavery. In the USA, slavery was widely practiced from 1860 onwards. It was practiced in a full-fledged manner where in slaves were openly traded in the market. This started as the Africans were brought to America and were sold as slaves. Slavery, at that point of time was greatly accepted and cherished in America and had become a matter of pride and status. 3) Why did Gompers believe that unions were necessary? As he explained he believes that the unions were necessary because the AFL became not only a powerful force serving the interests of its members but also a conservative defender of capitalism against the appeal of socialism and communism. He believes that because there is nothing in the labor movement that employers who have had unorganized workers dread so much as organization; but organization alone will not do much unless the organization provides itself with a good fund. Modern industry evolves these organizations out of the existing
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2011 for the course HISTORY 35398 taught by Professor Drgill during the Fall '10 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Ll - His 315L(39090 Dr T.M Gill Reading Questions 1 To qualify for citizenship under the Dawes Act Native Americans had to adopt the habits of

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