HIS 10.26.10 - 10/26/10 From the Jazz Age to the Great...

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10/26/10 From the Jazz Age to the Great Depression, 1920s and 1930s Terms to refer to the 1920s: - Consumerism - Titles: Jazz Age (cultural shifts) - Second Industrial Revolution - The Roaring 20s - The New Era - Modern Gives a sense of change when talking about something that is new and modern. It also implies a sense of prosperity, a period where – sense of optimism, fun, play, transition. Different connotation than Great Depression. Developments of the Modern Era (1920s) o Darwinism: battle over Darwinism and Scopes Trial – to teach evolution vs. creation In schools. About a moment (public) battle over scientific thought with creationism (the Bibles validity). What will the role of religion be in pubic life? Secularization religious battle. o Prohibition vs. Increased vice: saw alcohol as a gateway to other vices. Prohibition won for a period with the passage of the 21 st amendment. o The rise of the New Women: exemplified by birth control, diff. forms of dress, change in women’s role in life. Linked to consumerism. Women are engaging in the world in a different way is important because it changed the way society looks at them, and gender roles, dynamics, and the ways women perceived themselves. o Growth of Consumerism: Increases in goods, consumers become more active in them. Availability in consumer credit, and better wages. They
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thought that it would create a culture that was materialistic and highlighted the gap between rich and poor o Increased friction between rural and urban cultures - Widening gap between rich and poor - Consumerism/materialism - Secularization/religious fundamentalism - Mass consumption, mass communication and the making of a national culture/identity o Radio: advertisments o Makes nation seem smaller, creates a sense of national identity, they can listen to the same radio programs and engage in life in a similar way - Changing gender roles/racial relations The Birth Control Movement and Eugenics - Margaret Sanger – raised in a Catholic home, mother had 18 pregnancies before dying of cervical cancer and TB - Why did she advocate birth control for women? (cha 25) o You shouldn’t bring a child into the world unwanted, economic discussion of women bringing children into the world that cannot be properly cared for. o Pg 185: Says birth control is ethical, necessity gives self expression and gives control over nature to which woman has been enslaved. o
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2011 for the course HISTORY 35398 taught by Professor Drgill during the Fall '10 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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HIS 10.26.10 - 10/26/10 From the Jazz Age to the Great...

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