RESORCES MANUAL - Other Disorders of Infancy, Childhood, or...

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Other Disorders of Infancy, Childhood, or Adolescence Separation Anxiety Disorder The patient has developmentally inappropriate, excessive anxiety about being separated from home or from those to whom the patient is attached. Of the following symptoms, 3 or more persist or recur: -Excessive distress when anticipating or experiencing separation from home or parents* -Excessive worry about loss of or harm to parents -Excessive worry that the child will be separated from a parent by a serious event (such as being kidnapped or becoming lost) -Fears of separation cause refusal or reluctance to go somewhere (such as school) -Excessive fears of being alone or without parents at home or without important adults elsewhere -Refusal or reluctance to sleep away from home or to go to sleep without being near a parent -Recurrent nightmares about separation -Recurrent physical symptoms (such as headache, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting) when anticipating or experiencing separation from parents These symptoms last 4 weeks or more. They begin before age 18. They cause clinically important distress or impair school (work), social or personal functioning. The symptoms do not occur solely during a Pervasive Developmental Disorder or any psychotic disorder including Schizophrenia. In adolescents and adults, the symptoms are not better explained by Panic Disorder With Agoraphobia. Early Onset (Begins before age 6) *If patient does not live with parents, another "major attachment figure" is understood. Halgin, R. P. & Whitbourne, S. K. (2007). Abnormal psychology clinical perspectives on psychological disorders. (5th ed). Boston: McGraw-Hill Publishers.
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Eating Disorders Eating disorders are characterized by severe disturbances in eating behavior. The practice of an eating disorder can be viewed as a survival mechanism. Just as an alcoholic uses alcohol to cope, a person with an eating disorder can use eating, purging or restricting to deal with their problems. Some of the underlying issues that are associated with an eating disorder include low self esteem, depression, feelings of loss of control, feelings of worthlessness, identity concerns, family communication problems and an inability to cope with emotions. The practice of an eating disorder like Anorexia, Bulemia or Compulsive Overeating may be an expression of something that the eating disordered individual has found no other way of expressing. Eating disorders are usually divided into three categories: Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa and Compulsive Overeating. Anorexia Nervosa Anorexia is an eating disorder where the main characteristic is the restriction of food and the refusal to maintain a minimal, normal body weight. Any actual gain or even perceived gain of weight is met with intense fear by the Anorexic. Not only is there a true feeling of fear, but also once in the grasp of the disorder, Anorexics experience body image distortions. Those areas of the body usually representing maturity or sexuality including the buttocks, hips,
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 67125 taught by Professor Drghazal during the Spring '10 term at University of Texas.

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RESORCES MANUAL - Other Disorders of Infancy, Childhood, or...

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