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MT__Chapter_17 - Medical Terminology Chapter 17 Sense...

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Medical Terminology Chapter 17 Sense Organs: The Eye and the Ear
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The Eye
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Pupil Dark center of the eye, size determines the amount of light that enters the eye
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Conjunctiva Membrane lining the inner surfaces of the eyelids and the anterior portion of the eyeball
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Iris Pigment containing part of the eye
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Cornea Fibrous tissue that extends over the pupil and iris
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Sclera Opaque white of the eye
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Choroid Membrane inside the sclera that contains blood vessels to nourish the eye
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Ciliary Body One on each side of the lens, contains muscles that adjust the shape and thickness of the lens
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Lens Refracts (bends) light coming into the eye
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Accommadation Refractory adjustment to near or distant vision
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Anterior Chamber
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Acqueous Humor Fluid in the anterior chamber of the eye Maintains shape Provides nourishment
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Vitreous chamber
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Vitreous Humor Jelly-like material that maintains the shape of the eyeball
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Retina Nerve layer of the eye
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