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MT__Chapter_22 - Medical Terminology Chapter 22 Psychiatry...

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Medical Terminology Chapter 22 Psychiatry
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DSM-IV Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Complete reference regarding diagnosis of psychiatric disorders Psychiatry—The branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mental illness.
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Practitioners Psychiatrists—four years of med school then a residency and possible fellowship. They train in medication therapy and psychotherapy. Forensic psychiatrists specialize in the legal aspects of psychiatry. Psychoanalysts specialize in analysis, a special psychotherapy technique
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Psychologist Non MD, trained in psychotherapy and research who completes a masters or PhD in clinical, experimental or social psychology. Does not prescribe medication
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Clinical Psychologists are trained to do testing: WAIS Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale Stanford-Binet intelligence scale Rorschach (inkblots) TAT Thematic Apperception Test Draw a Person Test Bender-Gestalt Test (tests mental processing and memory) MMPI Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
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Amnesia Loss of memory
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Anxiety Uneasiness, apprehension or dread without a threat or out of proportion to the threat May lead to a panic attack– a spell that includes palpitations, chest pain, SOB, choking sensation and feelings of dying
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Apathy Lack of interest or emotional involvement
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Autism Neurologic disorder that leads to poor social functioning due to a lack of emotional connection with others, preoccupation with inner thoughts, withdrawal and retarded language development
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Compulsion Uncontrollable urge to perform an act repeatedly
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Conversion reaction A bodily symptom with no organic basis such as blindness, deafness or paralysis
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Delusion A fixed false belief that cannot be changed by logical reasoning or evidence
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Dissociation Uncomfortable feelings are separated from their real object. Depersonalization.
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Dysphoria Sadness, hopelessness, depressive mood.
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Euphoria Elevated mood. Exaggerated feelings of well-being
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Hallucination False or unreal sensory perception such as hearing voices or seeing visions
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Illusion False perception of an actual sensory stimulus
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Labile Unstable, undergoing rapid emotional change
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Mania State of elevated mood associated with excessive excitability, hyperactivity, agitation and expansiveness.
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Mutism Refusal to speak
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