MT__Chapter_Five

MT__Chapter_Five - The Digestive System Chapter 5...

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The Digestive System Chapter 5
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Absorbtion
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Absorption of nutrients happens throughout the small bowel.
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Amino Acids Building blocks of protein during Anabolism Produced when proteins are broken down during Catabolism.
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Hydrochloric acid Acid produced by the stomach necessary for the digestion of food
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Achlorhydria A lack of hydrochloric acid in the stomach.
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Achlorhydria A without Chlor chloride Hy hydrogen ia condition of
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Appendix
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Appendectomy Append appendix Ectomy to surgically remove
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Canine Teeth
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Microglossia
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Micro small Glossia tongue
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Cecum, Colon
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Bowel intestine
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Defecation
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Deglutition
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Dentin, Enamel, Pulp
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Duodenum
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Duodenum The duodenum is the first twelve inches of the small bowel. Duo is two Den is ten Um is structure
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Emulsification
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Emulsification Emulsification of fat promotes absorbtion.
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Esophagus
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Esophagus Eso inward Phago to eat or swallow
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Gallbladder, Liver
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Liver Secretes bile Stores sugar, iron and vitamins Produces blood proteins Destroys worn out red cells
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Gallbladder Stores bile Bile emulsifies or breaks up fat so that it can be absorbed or digested
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Lower Esophageal Sphincter
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Lower Esophageal Sphincter Keeps food and gastric juice from washing back up the esophagus.
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MT__Chapter_Five - The Digestive System Chapter 5...

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