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Unformatted text preview: of their control over legal force and their status as the last recourse in domestic conflict and partly from the peculiar history of the military in the Turkish reform movement and its centrality in the creation of the republic. At the end of the Ottoman Empire, the armed forces were the main window on the West. Ataturk and his chief lieutenants were career officers when they launched the struggle for independence. The fact that Ataturk’s outlook was archetypal of the army’s approach helped him rally military support for the cause. Ataturk continually cited the army as the ultimate guardian of the republic, making clear that its role was to defend the reform effort as well as to protect against foreign foes....
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