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23 - Accidents are"in the subject Socrates Thus Socrates's...

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Accidents are "in" the subject, Socrates. Thus Socrates's snub nose is in Socrates, his height is in him, and so forth. There are nine categories used to classified ways that a subject can be: its quantity, qualification, ratio to another, place, time, position, having, doing, and being affected. There is another way of describing the essence of things, or their nature . This way contrasts the essence as form with the material of which it is the form. The bed is made of wood, but it is the way the wood is organized which makes it the thing that it is. Thus there is the idea that the form is a way of being organized, perhaps best specified in terms of a function that it serves. Biological and artificial objects can both be thought of as having a form in this way. The accidents of substances are always changing, and substances themselves arise and perish (Aristotle calls this generation and corruption ). There are several ways of understanding the sources of change, according to Aristotle. An obvious way is in terms of
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