Lecture N Obesity and Breast-Feeding

Lecture N Obesity and Breast-Feeding - Breast-Feeding&...

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Unformatted text preview: Breast-Feeding & Obesity presented by Bertrand Perroud [email protected] November 29th 2010 NPB132 Breast-Feeding & Obesity: What Does breastfeeding protect children becoming overweight? Is there is a dose-dependent effect of its duration? • Hediger, M. L., M. D. Overpeck, et al. ( 2001 ). "Association between infant breastfeeding and overweight in young children." JAMA 285(19): 2453-60. • Arenz, S., R. Ruckerl, et al. ( 2004 ). "Breast-feeding and childhood obesity- a systematic review." Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 28(10): 1247-1256. • Harder, T., R. Bergmann, et al. ( 2005 ). "Duration of breastfeeding and risk of overweight: a meta-analysis." Am J Epidemiol 162(5): 397-403. • Owen, C. G., R. M. Martin, et al. ( 2005 ). "Effect of infant feeding on the risk of obesity across the life course: a quantitative review of published evidence." Pediatrics 115(5): 1367-1377 • Gillman, M. W., S. L. Rifas-Shiman, et al. ( 2006 ). "Breast-feeding and overweight in adolescence: within-family analysis [corrected]." Epidemiology 17(1): 112-114. • Kramer, M. S., L. Matush, et al. ( 2009 ). "A randomized breast-feeding promotion intervention did not reduce child obesity in Belarus." J Nutr 139(2): 417S-421S. Breast-Feeding & Obesity: What Hediger, M. L., M. D. Overpeck, et al. ( 2001 ). "Association between infant breastfeeding and overweight in young children." JAMA 285(19): 2453-60. Data on infant feeding and child overweight status were taken from NHANES III (third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey), a cross-sectional health examination survey conducted from 1988-1994: 2685 US-born children between the ages of 3 and 5 years There was no reduced risk of being overweight, nor clear dose-dependent effect of the duration of full breastfeeding. The strongest predictor of child overweight status was the mother's concurrent weight. Breast-Feeding & Obesity: What Arenz, S., R. Ruckerl, et al. ( 2004 ). "Breast-feeding and childhood obesity- a systematic review." Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 28(10): 1247-1256. Systematic review and meta- analysis of published epidemiological studies: 9 studies with more than 69,000 participants met inclusion criteria. The meta- analysis showed that breast- feeding reduced the risk of obesity in childhood significantly. Breast-Feeding & Obesity: What Arenz, S., R. Ruckerl, et al. ( 2004 ). "Breast-feeding and childhood obesity- a systematic review." Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 28(10): 1247-1256. A dose-dependent effect of breast-feeding duration on the prevalence of obesity was reported in 4 studies. Breast-feeding seems to have a small but consistent protective effect against obesity in children. Breast-Feeding & Obesity: What Harder, T., R. Bergmann, et al. ( 2005 ). "Duration of breastfeeding and risk of overweight: a meta-analysis." Am J Epidemiol 162(5): 397-403....
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Lecture N Obesity and Breast-Feeding - Breast-Feeding&...

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