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Unformatted text preview: maini (nm7637) hw11 Shneidman (12108) 1 This print-out should have 11 questions. Multiple-choice questions may continue on the next column or page find all choices before answering. 001 10.0 points A plane loop of wire of area A is placed in a region where the magnetic field is perpendicu- lar to the plane. The magnitude of B varies in time according to the expression B = B e- at . That is, at t = 0 the field is B , and for t > 0, the field decreases exponentially in time. Find the induced emf, E , in the loop as a function of time. 1. E = A B e- at 2. E = a B e- at 3. E = a A B e- at correct 4. E = a A B 5. E = a A B e- 2 at 6. E = a B t Explanation: Basic Concepts: Faradays Law: E contintegraldisplay E ds = d B dt Solution: Since B is perpendicular to the plane of the loop, the magnetic flux through the loop at time t > 0 is B = B A = A B e- at Also, since the coefficient AB and the pa- rameter a are constants, and Faradays Law says E = d B dt the induced emf can be calculated the from Equation above: E = d B dt = A B d dt e- at = a A B e- at That is, the induced emf decays exponentially in time. Note: The maximum emf occurs at t = 0 , where E = a A B . B = B e- at B vector t The plot of E versus t is similar to the B versus t curve shown in the figure above. 002 10.0 points The plane of a rectangular coil, 4 . 8 cm by 6 . 8 cm, is perpendicular to the direction of a uniform magnetic field B . If the coil has 45 turns and a total resistance of 11 . 3 , at what rate must the magnitude of B change to induce a current of 0 . 05 A in the windings of the coil? Correct answer: 3 . 84668 T / s. Explanation: Given : x = 4 . 8 cm = 0 . 048 m , y = 6 . 8 cm = 0 . 068 m , N = 45 turns , r = 11 . 3 , and I = 0 . 05 A . The induced emf is E = I R = N d dt = N d ( B A ) dt = N A dB dt , so dB dt = I R N ( xy ) = (0 . 05 A) (11 . 3 ) 45(0 . 048 m) (0 . 068 m) = 3 . 84668 T / s . maini (nm7637) hw11 Shneidman (12108) 2 003 10.0 points A conducting bar moves as shown near a long wire carrying a constant I = 40 A current. I a v L A B If a = 8 mm, L = 120 cm, and v = 15 m / s, what is the potential difference, V V A V B ? Correct answer: 18 mV....
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2011 for the course PHYS 111 taught by Professor Moro during the Spring '08 term at NJIT.
- Spring '08