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Exam1MasterSet(2) - ExamOneLectureNotes I Whowelikeandwhy A...

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Exam One Lecture Notes 9/1/2009 I. Who we like and why? A. Everyone tends to want some set of basic characteristics in a mate: 1) Stability 5) Self sufficient 2) Trust 6) Physical characteristics 3) Personality 7) Sense of humor 4) Similar preferences 8) etc. B. Competing Processes- we want to be connected to our mate but then we want our space and  our own sense of self II. THE FUNDAMENTAL ASSUMPTION ABOUT INTERPERSONAL ATTRACTION:      we are attracted  to those whose presence is rewarding to us. A. Direct rewards- all positive consequences we directly obtain from being with someone 1) Material stuff & Gifts 2) Physical contact & Affection 3) Interest & Approval 4) Laughter & Smiling B. Indirect rewards- attraction by association (aka misattraction of arousal)- strong emotions can  be relabeled as attraction if an acceptable object is present 1) Examples: (a) Riding a roller coaster (b) Romantic setting (c) Scary movies (d) Spicy food 2) Dutton & Aron, 1974 (Capilano Suspension Bridge ) aka “The Shaky Bridge” study (a) Bridge in Canada where there is a normal sturdy bridge and then a shaky suspension  bridge (b) Researchers are asked to approach people of the opposite sex whom they think are  attractive (c) The people are asked to write a story about an image they are shown and afterwards,  the researcher gives them their phone number (d) Study was trying to see if being in a stimulating situation (i.e., crossing a shaky  suspension bridge) could result in someone being more attracted to another person  because they misattributed the arousal from crossing the bridge to the researcher. (i) Results show that those who were chosen off the suspension bridge were twice as  likely to make sexual references in the stories they wrote.  Sturdy bridge=1.35 approximately
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Shaky bridge=2.5 approximately (ii) Results also show that the subjects chosen off the suspension bridge were more  likely to call the researcher after the study. (12% vs. 50%) (e) Keep in mind that there could have been some extraneous factors: (i) The type of people who chose to cross the suspension bridge may be more outgoing  and more likely to call because of that (ii) But other research has also shown that if you create an emotion (arousal or a “rush”)  it can be mistaken for attraction if given the right situation without consciously  knowing the emotion is from something else (not the person) III. How do we find that person in the first place?
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