1HDF 304 Exam 3 ReviewChapter 7: Key terms:-Sexual orientation: a preference for sexual partners of the same sex (homosexual), of the opposite sex (heterosexual), or of either sex (bisexual)-Homosexual: A person who is sexually attracted to members of the same sex-Heterosexual: A person who is sexually attracted to members of the opposite sex-Bisexual: A person who is sexually attracted to both sexes-Asexual: Lacking any interest or desire for sex-Heterosexism: The belief that heterosexuality is superior to and more natural than homosexuality-Sexual script: Norms that specify what is acceptable and what is unacceptable sexual activity identify eligible sexual partners, and define the boundaries of sexual behavior in time and place-Autoeroticism: Refers to arousal of sexual feeling without an external stimulus-Masturbation: Sexual self-pleasuring that involves some form of direct physical stimulation-Fellatio: Oral stimulation of a man’s penis-Cunnilingus: Oral stimulation of a woman’s genitals-Sexual response: A person’s physiological reaction to sexual stimulation-Menopause: The cessation of the menstrual cycle-Male climacteric: A change of life in men proposed by some as analogous to female menopause. More psychological than physiological, such a change affects only a small percentage of men and is not characterized by the cessation of reproductive capacity-Homophobia-Sexually transmitted infections: diseases that are spread by contact, either sexual or nonsexual with body parts of fluids that harbor specific microorganisms-Sexually transmitted diseases: diseases that are spread by contact with body parts or fluids that harbor what are usually bacterial or viral microorganisms-Human immunodeficiency virus: the virus that causes AIDS-Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: a degenerative disease caused by a virus that attacks the body’s immune system and makes it susceptible to a number of diseases such as pneumonia and cancer-Sexuality and Human Development :-Sexual identity:oOur awareness of ourselves as male or female and the ways in which we express our sexual values, attitudes, feelings, and beliefs.oInvolves placing oneself in a category created by society and learning, both consciously and unconsciously, how to act as a person in that categoryoSexual desire Sexual response Gender roles-Sexual orientation:oIs not as clear cut as most people believeoSome homosexuals hide their orientationsoMany gays and lesbians try to hide or deny their orientation because our society is still characterized by heterosexismoAbout 2 percent are transgendered:TranssexualsIntersexualsTransvestitesoWhat determines sexual orientations?Biological theoriesCultural theoriesoThe politics of sexual orientation:Fears that proof of a genetic basis for homosexuality could lead to new forms of discriminationFears of selective abortion of kids with “gay genes”oSexual orientation and gender:
2HDF 304 Exam 3 Review
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- Spring '08
- Human Sexuality, partner, Sexual intercourse, Human sexual behavior