l35 - Rela+.'\li$lflc Ueloclh!‘ TxraMS'Fovmqfc‘om R44

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Unformatted text preview: Rela+.'\li$lflc Ueloclh!‘ TxraMS'Fovmqfc‘om R44 ‘PcLY‘\Y{c‘\r° UC‘DCZ‘\\B a (“MULKB iV\ x‘kglifi‘t stkbflm .me\¢ \s 3H“ 1!, (fife—{'2 '3’ ve‘©c(¥k}) {3 ’U' amt M 11*: \1W\ U 1 ("m [3% IV: ~31) NC ‘23 M‘fiO A N30 11’ t ‘M AX’ a’=1im x Mao Ec’ % Ail->0 A ’ Louvd§ +nam5¥onmJK {on AiWeVCvflLia(fi '~ Ax‘ : XUAKUVA’CB (>5 “‘u o<l> /\‘3>‘z a J )9 ‘> 7< k/ an g3 ~ X<AX~VAH : AX/AJc ~«Y A‘t’ ELM-j: Ax [ti 5%) C1 Q1 (13+ KeJY Lye—>20 a; ; ux—«r t—iufi 134-2 lmke KW!“ *‘E 7k H59 Cl (“AQK+ 0Q” {MES VAOC’A’ I \ \Y E: 301:3?kv E¥¥e¢~¥ 114-4 ‘Sooucg Vilma 'Nxcchxs uofiem Somme qf nacwaes. 'Pilrcex Accreases ween Sow/Ce heceJeSr. 'Wexogj abooJf RSVGL ? “SOOVCQ FY040C€$ ‘flasQrs wfltfi Pe‘h'OJ 2’0 = (/90 '(v\ 'an r€s+ ¥nqmeTSI '$00\Ice mou‘mg \jelac'A’ f nc/QIL"\)€+0 8‘ ’vae “rs kme clfld‘ion +6“: Felice! M 1K? ‘3 w Ob§WV€V$ ($3 u€$+ £AQW\€ l Bzxto "(Puke cch‘x/es c5? obscmcr “3&6 seoeeJ Q- Oksc‘cuecx Qcioewca is ‘ C037- C /L- wexeve L is Hie ‘1 $€\0¢\nc\+l'ov\ (od’usecm +LOO : o\56$. 3mm soovce is W E “0me +0 obschE‘F L_L_; 3 L: Q'B-«T'C’z LC'V)'C cmé‘ Cab: Q (Q—«r‘ya [*VIQ HWC (Somme o‘w C eé'wxe65 :DDWXW EWCCJV oH—k‘me R440 melétv soovce o: 1fv3£+ mo.ka com cuvgk 9 +0 XXX d(‘(€¢\“OV\ (>3? mo‘\‘\'on. WWW fimioé a? ‘Hasges, Z": 25 Co Obs/3V1} :‘V ecf Oemt kk , we \ '::~ \ L \ __._ \ \\ m \ \ \ \ ms- \ \ \ "43“ L ‘- 4 (53mm 9 (Dealt u.) e e v\ 5; \asees 'B’Cl Jifiame 30L)ch moves be+wecw $406995 . L: Qt ~06 C4949 : LC—VCOSGXZ 313 (951003 '5 $0 $3 (Chssica E O. R4 '7 Frequency ratio —v— -+ a V0 1.0 0 6 “‘4 " *4 r ——l _. ._l 0.4 0 Ian red shL o 2 w ——7 4* i—* a 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 V 0 FIGURE 25.43 Longitudinal and transvetsa Doppler effects. Relativity theory Classical theory 0 1 00 200 300 400 Absorber speed, m/s FIGURE 2-12. The results of Kindig [9] on the transverse Doppler effect. The experimental points agree very well with the relativistic predic- tion and not at all with the classical prediction. ‘éTwo Okswvevs /‘bopw\e( Sea?! rel ti yl a we ) v —>‘ (to source >>>> Frequency f 1 relative —-—>- 2 to observer 0, Q-L -Li M emu: um “gr—«we 4}: Mg = 90 j'g ones cwoa. wlj‘ex Sfeeé "\T‘ q\o 13L“ v\\$. wxecc$urc$ WAS QQJtecl five oewc ,E'3'LWMW‘U3 ‘1 (00‘th 3 fit! 1 flow x-axls ‘ce\q*‘we *0 OUAA meQSqus q 'R'ejvewd ‘03“ Assowxe 5" VNNCS m'nUC‘ \)e\ocl‘\\’\ “*0 (93*Jtirqme. “e $200M oksev Q V‘ £fe§gew&\§ 1§&i$+ V€X04{V€ *0 :%%, at :30 5““ (C [Oksexmer ‘3'} WW [c ’D; = r5. \. \BJC iOksemer $” 1 vdd‘w? ((9; Q5 ‘AVIQ Z [MW/(,1 [\-\T1/C] 1+ V/c Luv. )5” \+ «Fa/c] Sake ¥ov \/ Twin Eachlbé R4“? 9‘ 30% BI Dave ’Tud.\\(\$ ' ) ‘ R SECS B {Wave T: L/v ‘ % fiWiVSC$ (Jivecjfiom a‘ficl \{chvns .IIA $amc 1Lhme T. ’Asswme ‘Lvaoocoomc‘ can (be he [96* ea]. _/ obsewcs +€ww [‘3 on 8/3 Q)0Ck is V‘e‘afi'cl {’0 eis ‘RWW TA: éLT one Ska s 0W4 one ‘lrmueis RX CL ClI'S+dh(€ L- Ve‘oc.\'\\%’\fi _$/ : TA Again? 3 1:}; ; S;- (145 vieweJ 9) m A “B‘s Pmsfed'me 1 'A ~hawk (Jada \Je|oci'\\§ "W75 +uvn§ among MA comes back. TB 3 3T AM o l l : K ((AS V'teLOPJ B) 0‘39 7/ R44 Panaéox .‘ A +Kivd<s % is aouvx or GMA 8 “(MKS A is moumdéej ‘vais ff0\o\€m e\{cL—\ecl quk rqus awl , $Sco$$aoms JEN “hawk «8250(6- - ‘R bonow?) WW Signed 1: $ome+film3 e\«+“V}" 3 .No U. Reso‘ox'iom: ’Ex«mf\e " BOB («caves Rig £vo£9vof i MYC_ 'TVaLvt\S w‘l*e\ VIC-QQ. +0 QB+QV3KIS/3_ Q\(S {\OQk ‘t'(\e ‘Luwd ‘ \p.3 ' 3‘Kc&. 9PM mojants czva neuevses inejriow ch 31m ‘mr 6AA Ewes (Ocktsrs +0 Sh?) M NYC. 9703qu ‘\‘ncuuk "Hana 3 TBTQKRS 9‘“? m1“ {Kwove WW? qcczrewwtioms. Tiwm cgcce‘d‘cjlw Com Le macle mote sRomlcr .‘Paaw *Hque(a ‘hme. 'Zbave/s chuck dfacls (0 W5- ‘ho‘MAS 6mm (41% (ch Q‘oclatS wfiacfi SemJ Od‘k’ 5(1vmj$ a? ome~3eqv ‘M‘LeY‘chlS. ‘baxn As sme/ks Rom Bows Clock anal $3 “Lam aacflhs‘!’ 46m Cavach Shana/(5 Kecov WHO 0? Q‘s dock. ‘BOL neteiUCB {‘Qo 5{%v\q‘s ginom Equals clock QM recovcl$ "mam a qWSVL Me. SCZME ‘QVOW‘ Q13 oooV\ clock, ct Bob's returning world line B = - 0.8 Turnaround point Dave's world line Bob's outgoing world line B = 0.8 Figure 3-2. Spacetime diagram of the twin paradox. oBave’s wovH-(ihc is 469 QJC'Qxis. He 540065 ‘quk 0?? !0 RS 0V\ “:9 d’ «(113. ' 150V: oomrki I'm is Mcuheé I C‘lZ/\ $19? a 15(qu MOU'M u)ka N10-86. He 51mg; ed” 1‘10. ‘A-C-L-or 3 as Re \s‘tVevses Vfi‘OCl‘a +0 ’\J'= —-0-8C. cud qe'hwms, R4 ~\\ "(Mafk 05C 3 (s o\v\ and 3 v$ re+mrn1m . '1)an $\ 3J3 grows Ernie 44$ Bob. 3 mm “3% “gals mm gob {o :w. -${c®\:5 (Jamal el "(0 Mae} line. I ‘lee $evxés [0 $1 “0J5 Re lag oY\ Qw‘rlvql. . ($0M SQ‘AJS (3 5i%~r\c~‘s ' Hie (49+ on (“naval 'Hou) 4‘0 2/» \am '3 (f—anxe Aida-mm? ‘tDOR€\€‘f e: 16*. - As Jocks neche' 'er‘d‘ chi0¢vxc§ \5 : Do I" : 92 3 ® ‘ Bog ncce'NfiS £iV$+ $3va grow Bade Q£+CY 3 us, CU.) (he "“U‘C 5 C'L‘IOUVLJ. e vecc'wes siamal$ a} ou Teclocec] \l‘cJLe {3mm %o\s 0h 5&9 mx 00+) once eVev 3 0? R15 Jtanee $23n¢Js ‘m MM) aequ. Xeqfs . Ravi“: es ‘ ' {36 clocks QVV/wcwa ( 'er‘N sveyuenu'es Cm? a 2 go fl : 390 A («gs ‘goB hecewes ‘1 sé \MJS Rom :Daw 0m Rb \Yt’kQV‘“ XoLNVMS, Mo?er k9 38‘s 10 stavxojs. R441 ‘flwe \(‘QCQNGS 3 51 chs 43mm 3305 on +K€ («6+ exam ‘lhve necgwg§ Q Siamls. ' No 46cc Memer on silmjs 3 30‘s seivxc‘s é: ‘, Esme reteiues 43 Dave semis IO } Sol> uecéwes lo axe +Re “(‘EWMS Cli‘CCQ‘revd’? ‘bcwe $885 BOB Y€C€C1€ ‘COY ‘1 Xequ Que! (‘d’mfla gov owe evoc- bees E‘vmfic‘ veCecl‘xvxar 'QO‘( 3 xecws and 5 . QPFTO'GLCQCMS QQY +eree 4&9 'bavt veCQKUeA s; «(m/Ks cie a Slow and}? Sof’ WM? (god‘s cu“! 6k (1143+. Pledge $01“ on? lear- ' EOE 20.1 s‘ou) 56 wals ‘COY *eree «a «Y5 avxtl $061? $1sz 19w 3 yous. ')0§Q\€Y egficc‘f bQowS *er Cmammej‘rl M f ‘k‘aue [ ‘30‘: is Aouwae‘t ‘Waw :Dcme C(ri ‘HVF. _ P Tumafund ' M Q Recewed . , ' r \, . , I l I 1' AIMI , Bob Semnyo T1 ‘T2 "{3 *4 ' , *6 ’ ' I Time.y » « . ’ T I “my”? f ._ V ' v "3 3:“ V : Q Received ' ' - ‘ ,. ’ . 3' , , . . . , .- > I 1 Dave “Sent/.10.; IL. 12* h ' T5. *5 ~37. > ‘18: ‘10 Figure 3-3. The signal logs for the twins. hegeoufcwmt 09 Mom“? 0‘01;er R443 ‘szfvsiovx on q o‘e’ ad‘s . Noi +031) i'CovxfiCAt‘r a; hoax eqvqwaC 0‘3 Va mov"v\3 H 'UMJCY3-‘bovl ’V (CF60- . A3 0‘: lewgia Lo am! MAW W0 A‘s «‘65JI gimme. ° Movlw vol-‘6‘ 5 06 ’V“ nag“e\ +0 L0 ' Take it VQCA‘UVQF lv\ (1 fine __L_ «T, . Pchwij , 1“$‘\~ay\+ simg<l QWEOOS C0l\€C+\OW 05: Vii-85H JRom 0‘28th ‘ Connic‘e‘f '(Qwee .?o\m+$c #50180l Co I . w‘ 30 C 0 Fig. 5—11 (a) A rectangular object moving at speed 0 I parallel to x. ([7) The apparent positions of the corners qu" 06$ «4 s ‘ m A, B, C as recorded at a given instant by a distant observer looking in the y direction in the plane of the object. (C) It is inferred that the object is rotated in its own plane, but not Lorentz-contracted. ‘ Vaime 0:" saw +iwxe. ,‘ “execs Rom A0 mus—i ; 5cm eqflscr *er (€QCQ\ om +lww, AJL = We /C '1“ 'hww At (Nomi moves +0 ‘Hie \c‘xtxegi' A1:VAt : WWO C, Looking at moi/Eng decks, and czher objects Mso NB, 3 ’U‘Wo/Q Cofiulc‘ef \oowhx (1+ wes+ woflflleJ Ww‘ooxa ane B 3' 1‘ \U0$W\® C : ...
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l35 - Rela+.'\li$lflc Ueloclh!‘ TxraMS'Fovmqfc‘om R44

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