Sociology Chapter 7

Sociology Chapter 7 - Chapter 7 People are unalike in...

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Chapter 7 People are unalike in characteristics ranging from eye color to style of laughter, which represent natural differences. Systems of inequality are sets of relationships built around attributes that are socially constructed . Social stratification refers to the ways in which people occupying different social positions are arranged from high to low. The text examines six systems of inequality: economic; racial; gender; age; sexual orientation; and able-bodiedness. Economic Inequality One of the enduring features of many societies is economic inequality : the difference in wealth and income that families and individuals possess. There are conflicting interpretations here, including the functionalist theory of stratification , which contends that economic inequality is the result of beneficial forces. This theory posits that different occupational levels in society should receive different rewards, because this provides an incentive for people to strive to work in occupations that are important to society as a whole. The functionalist explanation has been
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2011 for the course SOCI 107 taught by Professor Tuchman during the Fall '08 term at UConn.

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Sociology Chapter 7 - Chapter 7 People are unalike in...

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