0324302592_72715

0324302592_72715 - Chapter 7ORGANIZING FOR EFFECTIVENESS...

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Chapter 7—ORGANIZING FOR EFFECTIVENESS AND EFFICIENCY TRUE/FALSE 1. Organizing refers to the process of determining the tasks to be done, who will do them, and how those tasks will be managed and coordinated. ANS: T DIF: E OBJ: 1 2. Job design refers to the set of tasks and activities that are grouped together to constitute a particular position. ANS: T DIF: E OBJ: 2 3. Although job descriptions are commonly used to describe how jobs are designed, some relevant job characteristics may not be evident from a job description. ANS: T DIF: E OBJ: 2 4. Skill variety refers to the degree to which a job challenges the jobholder to use his or her skills and abilities. ANS: T DIF: E OBJ: 2 5. When a variety of skills is necessary to complete a task and those skills are perceived to be of value to the organization, employees typically find their work to be more meaningful. ANS: T DIF: E OBJ: 2 6. Task identity refers to the degree to which a job challenges the jobholder to use his or her skills and abilities. ANS: F DIF: E OBJ: 2 7. Skill variety, task identity, and task significance are the three core job dimensions that affect the degree to which employees find their work meaningful. ANS: T DIF: E OBJ: 2 8. Task identity refers to the degree to which a job requires the completion of an identifiable piece of work. ANS: T DIF: E OBJ: 2 9. Task significance reflects the degree to which jobholders have freedom, independence, and decision- making authority in their jobs. ANS: F DIF: E OBJ: 2 10. Task significance can affect the degree to which employees find their work meaningful. ANS: T DIF: E OBJ: 2 166
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11. Normally when there is low autonomy, employees are less likely to feel accountable for the outcome of their work. ANS: T DIF: E OBJ: 2 12. Task significance affects the degree to which jobholders have freedom, independence, and decision- making authority. ANS: F DIF: E OBJ: 2 13. Motivation, quality of work performance, job satisfaction, absenteeism, and turnover are all functions of the core job dimensions to some degree. ANS: T DIF: E OBJ: 2 14. The increasing diversity of the workforce has made the assessment of job design simpler. ANS: F DIF: E OBJ: 2 15. Individuals from diverse cultural backgrounds may view certain job characteristics differently. People from some parts of the world may perceive a job with low autonomy negatively, while people from other parts of the world may few a job with low autonomy favorably. ANS: T DIF: E OBJ: 2 16. Specialized tasks are considered more efficient because work activities are broken down into routine, repetitive actions. ANS: T DIF: E OBJ: 3 17. Advantages of specialization are low skill variety, low task identity, and low task significance. ANS: F
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0324302592_72715 - Chapter 7ORGANIZING FOR EFFECTIVENESS...

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