15 lesson Learning II

15 lesson Learning II - Basic Principles of Learning II...

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Basic Principles of Learning II (Operant Conditioning and Observational Learning) ASSIGNMENT a. Study text Chapter 6 (pg 224-253). b. Complete Concept Checks 6.2 (pg 234), 6.3 (pg 236), 6.4 (pg 242). c. Review Questions: Chapter 6 practice test questions 6-12 (pg 257). d. Answer IPO 15 LESSON OBJECTIVES 15.1. Explain how behavior can be acquired, stopped or modified through operant conditioning and observational learning. PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES 15-1. Differentiate classical and operant conditioning. Classical: explains reflexive responding that is largely controlled by stimuli that preced the response Operant: is a form of learning in which responses come to be controlled by their consequences Classical conditioning regulated reflexive involuntary responses whereas operant conditioning governs voluntary responses 15-2. Explain the acquisition of behavior according to the principles of operant conditioning. a. Define reinforcement. Occurs when an event following a response increases an organism’s tendency to make that response b. Describe continuous reinforcement. Reinforcing every instance of a designated response c. Describe shaping. The reinforcement of closer and closer approximations of a desired response 15-3. Explain how behavior can be strengthened according to the principles of operant conditioning. a. Differentiate continuous and intermittent reinforcement. 15 15 L E S S O N
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Intermittent reinforcement is reinforcement only some of the time, where continuous is every time. Intermittent is more resistant to extinction. b. Differentiate the four intermittent or partial reinforcement schedules Fixed Ratio schedule : the reinforcer is given after a fixed number of nonreinforced responses Variable ratio schedule: the reinforcer is given after a variable number of nonreinforced responses. Fixed Interval schedule: the reinforcer is given for the first response that occurs after a fixed time interval has elapsed. Variable Interval Schedule:
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15 lesson Learning II - Basic Principles of Learning II...

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