Chapter_5_Colonial_Society_on_the_Eve_of_the_Revolution -...

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Chapter 5: Colonial Society on the Eve of the Revolution Micah Hargrave Important Points: Key Concept 5.1- Explain how the exchange of ideas among different parts of the “Atlantic World” shaped belief systems and independence movements in the early nineteenth century. Key Concept 5.2- Analyze how changing religious ideals, Enlightenment beliefs, and republican thought shaped the politics, culture, and society of the colonist era through the early Republic. Key Concept 5.3- Analyze the role of economic, political, social, and ethnic factors on the formation of regional identities in what would become the United States form the colonial period through the nineteenth century. Notes: Britain governed most of North America by 1775 (32 colonies), but only 13 colonies had rebelled against the crown by this time Canada, Jamaica, and others did not rebel. This was due to the social, economic, and political differences between the colonies Over the course of the 1700s, the population in the North American colonies exploded England lost its population advantage Most populous colonies were Virginia, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, North Carolina, and Maryland Colonial America was a melting pot of multiple courses Germans made up about 6% of the population and Scots-Irish were 7% By the mid 18 th century, a series of Scots-Irish settlements were scattered along the "great wagon road", which hugged the eastern Appalachian foothills from Pennsylvania to Georgia The Scots-Irish led the armed march of the Paxton Boys in Philadelphia in 1764, protesting the Quaker oligarchy’s lenient policy toward the Indians A few years later, they led the Regulator movement in North Carolina, a small but nasty insurrection against eastern domination of the colony's affairs New England showed less ethnic diversity The middle colonies boasted a large group of diverse peoples By about 1720, the proportion of
females in the Chesapeake area soon began to rise Slavery in colonies north a the Chesapeake began to grow as well On the Sea Islands off South Carolina's coast, blacks evolved a language, Gullah it blended English with several African languages, including Yoruba, Ibo, and Hausa 1712 New York slave revolt nine whites killed and twenty-one blacks executed 1739 South Carolina slave revolt when more than 50 blacks along the Stono River tried to march to Spanish Florida, only to be stopped by local militia By the mid 1700s, the richest 10% of Bostonians and Philadelphians owned

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