11 Lesson Memory and Forgetting

11 Lesson Memory and Forgetting - LESSON Memory and...

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Memory and Forgetting ASSIGNMENT a. Study text Chapter 7 (pg 259-280, 285-287) b. Study the Personal Application (pg 291-293) c. Complete Concept Checks 7.1 (pg 269), 7.2 (pg 280). d. Review Questions: Chapter 7 practice test questions 1-9,13,14 (pg 297). e. Answer IPO 11 LESSON OBJECTIVES 11.1. Explain the encoding, storage, retrieval, and loss of information. 11.2. Explain techniques of memory improvement. PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES 11-1. Summarize the encoding of information into memory. a. Describe attention in memory. Attention involves focusing awareness on a narrowed range of stimuli. Attention is often like a filter that screens out most potential stimuli while allowing a select few to pass through. b. Describe the levels of processing. When dealing with verbal information, people engage in three progressively deeper levels of processing: Structural encoding is relatively hallow process that emphasizes the physical structure of the stimulus. EX) is the word written in capital letters? Phonemic encoding emphasizing what a word sounds like. EX) does the word rhyme with weight? Semantic encoding emphasizes the meaning of verbal input; it involves thinking about the objects and actions the words represent. EX) would the word fit in this sentence? Levels-of-processing theory proposes that deeper levels of processing result in longer-lasting memory codes c. Describe three methods for enriching encoding. Elaboration is linking a stimulus to other information at the time of encoding Dual-coding theory holds that memory is enhanced by forming semantic and visual codes, since either can lead to recall Self-referent encoding involves deciding how or whether information in personally relevant. 11-2. Summarize the storage of information in memory. a. Describe sensory memory. Sensory memory : preserves information in its original sensory form for a brief time, usually only a fraction of a second; gives you additional time to recognize a stimulus 11 11 L E S S O N
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b. Describe short term memory. Short-term memory : a limited capacity store that can maintain unrehearsed information for up to about 20 seconds To maintain in you short-term store indefinitely, engage in rehearsal : the process of repetitively verbalizing or thinking about the information Only about seven plus or minus two is generally about the capacity of STM. You can increase the capacity of your short-term memory by combining stimuli into larger, possibly higher-order units, called
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11 Lesson Memory and Forgetting - LESSON Memory and...

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