STARC PhiLSAT Exam 1 ver 1.pdf - STARC PhiLSAT Exam 1 Page 1 TEST A COMMUNICATION AND LANGUANGE PROFICIENCY Section 1 Identifying Sentence Errors

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Unformatted text preview: STARC PhiLSAT Exam 1 Page 1 TEST A. COMMUNICATION AND LANGUANGE PROFICIENCY Section 1. Identifying Sentence Errors Directions: Read each sentence carefully but quickly, paying attention to the underlined word or phrase. Each sentence contains either a single error or no error at all. If the sentence contains an error, select the underlined word or phrase that must be changed to make the sentence correct. If the sentence is correct, select choice D. In choosing answers, follow the requirements of standard written English. 1. Her elder brother saves half of his allowance so that he can buy herself a new pair of shoes. No error A B C D 2. She’s certainly fun and nice to work with. No error A B C D 3. Mario was more interested in writing stories than to attend classes. No error A B C D 4. The fog is so thick that she can’t hardly see the lights. No error A B C D 5. I use to go swimming before my parents forbade my going. No error A B C D 6. The number of people which asked for the discount was low but grew during the summer period. A B C D 7. He wanted always to be a doctor and after doing medicine, he now works in a hospital. A B C D 8. The informations they gave us was not very helpful so I consulted the website instead. A B C D 9. There isn’t many time, do you think we should get a taxi to the exhibition center? A B C D 10. He graduated in languages in June and is now thinking of do a second degree in psychology. A B C D 11. The policeman showed us an identikit picture of the man who steal the car. A B C D 12. How long does it take to get the station on foot from your house? A B C D PhiLSAT Practice Items Booklet – Six timed practice sub-tests Modified by ivgsisracon/20180327 STARC PhiLSAT Exam 1 Page 2 13. I was so angry that I took the watch broken to the jewelers to get my money back. A B C D 14. He rang me this morning for tell me that he had passed his driving test. A B C D 15. I won’t be able to go on holiday this year unless I will get a part-time job. A B C D Section 2. Sentence Completion Directions: Choose the word or phrase that, when inserted in the sentence, best fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole. 16. Paolo is excited to see his US-based relatives again. _______________ arriving next week for the grand family reunion that everyone has been looking forward to. (A) Their (B) There (C) They’re (D) There’re 17. I never felt so _______________ in my whole life when I opened my wallet and realized I had no money for the food I had eaten. (A) embarased (B) embarrased (C) embarassed (D) embarrassed 18. The English teacher, together with her students, _______________ to watch “Hamlet” at the AFP Theater in Camp Aguinaldo. (A) plan (B) is planning (C) are planning (D) have planned 19. We hope that our elected leader will not _______________ their sense of values when they begin to experience having too much power in their hands. (A) lose (B) loss (C) lost (D) loos PhiLSAT Practice Items Booklet – Six timed practice sub-tests Modified by ivgsisracon/20180327 STARC PhiLSAT Exam 1 Page 3 20. The robber immediately opened the car door and quickly _______________ contested legal documents. (A) take (B) took (C) takes (D) taking 21. Prince Phillip had to choose: marry the woman he loved and _______________ his right to the throne, or marry Lady Fiona and inherit the crown. (A) reprimand (B) upbraid (C) abdicate (D) winnow (E) extol 22. If you will not do your work of your own _______________, I have no choice but to penalize you if it is not done on time. (A) predilection (B) coercion (C) excursion (D) volition (E) infusion 23. After sitting in the sink for several days, the dirty, food-encrusted dishes became _______________. (A) malodorous (B) prevalent (C) imposing (D) perforated (E) emphatic 24. Giulia soon discovered the source of the _______________ smell in the room: a week-old tuna sandwich that one of the children had hidden in the closet. (A) quaint (B) fastidious (C) clandestine (D) laconic (E) fetid 25. After making _______________ remarks to the President, the reporter was not invited to return to the White House pressroom. (A) hospitable (B) itinerant PhiLSAT Practice Items Booklet – Six timed practice sub-tests Modified by ivgsisracon/20180327 STARC PhiLSAT Exam 1 Page 4 (C) enterprising (D) chivalrous (E) irreverent 26. With her _______________ eyesight, Krystyna spotted a trio of deer on the hillside and she reduced the speed of her car. (A) inferior (B) keen (C) impressionable (D) ductile (E) conspiratorial 27. With a(n) _______________ grin, the boy quickly slipped the candy into his pocket without his mother’s knowledge. (A) jaundiced (B) nefarious (C) stereotypical (D) sentimental (E) impartial 28. Her _______________ display of tears at work did not impress her new boss, who felt she should try to control her emotions. (A) maudlin (B) meritorious (C) precarious (D) plausible (E) schematic 29. Johan argued, “If you know about a crime but don’t report it, you are _______________ in that crime because you allowed it to happen.” (A) acquitted (B) steadfast (C) tenuous (D) complicit (E) nullified 30. The authorities, fearing a _______________ of their power, called for a military state in the hopes of restoring order. (A) subversion (B) premonition (C) predilection (D) infusion PhiLSAT Practice Items Booklet – Six timed practice sub-tests Modified by ivgsisracon/20180327 STARC PhiLSAT Exam 1 Page 5 (E) inversion Section 3. Improving Sentences Directions: Read each sentence carefully but quickly and determine whether the underlined portion is correct or whether it needs to be revised. If the sentence needs no revision, choose option D. In choosing answers, follow the requirements of standard written English. Pay attention to grammar, choice of words, sentence construction, and punctuation. Choose among the options which revision results in a sentence that is clear and precise. 31. Your car was in the garage, so I thought you were home. (A) Your car was in the garage, I thought you were home. (B) Seeing your car in the garage, you were home. (C) Your car was in the garage and I thought you were home. (D) No change 32. To enrich our knowledge of Philippine Civilization and Culture, our new History teacher plans to bring us to the museums and historical places. (A) Philippine Civilization and Culture, our new history teacher plans to bring us to the museums and historical places. (B) Philippine civilization and culture, our new History teacher plans to bring us to the museums and historical places. (C) Philippine civilization and culture, our new history teacher plans to bring us to the museums and historical places. (D) No change 33. Father promised to give me a car when I become a full fledged doctor. (A) full pledged doctor. (B) fullfledged doctor. (C) full-fledged doctor. (D) No change 34. She was shopping in Divisoria for school supplies, Mrs. San Jose developed a bad headache. (A) Having shopped in Divisoria for school supplies, (B) As she was shopping in Divisoria for school supplies (C) Shopped in Divisoria for school supplies, (D) No change 35. The publisher was not only compelled to agree to replace the defective books but also to deliver them in time for school opening. (A) compelled to agree not only to replace the defective books but also to deliver them PhiLSAT Practice Items Booklet – Six timed practice sub-tests Modified by ivgsisracon/20180327 STARC PhiLSAT Exam 1 Page 6 (B) compelled not only to agree to replace the defective books but also to deliver them (C) compelled to agree to replace not only the defective books but also to deliver them (D) No change 36. Most MBA programs now mandate the potential applicants be finished with an undergraduate degree before applying. (A) mandate the potential applicants be finished (B) mandate potential applicants to be finished (C) mandate that potential applicants will be finished (D) have a mandate for a potential applicant finishing (E) have a mandate to finish potential applicants 37. The manager of the plastic fork factory tried to convince the unruly factory workers they should join forces to optimize production on the belt rather than attempting to be contrary. (A) they should join forces to optimize production on the belt rather than attempting to be contrary (B) that they should join forces to optimize production on the belt rather than attempt to be contrary (C) about joining forces to optimize production on the belt instead of attempting to be contrary (D) for the joining of forces to optimize production on the belt rather than attempt to be contrary (E) to join forces to optimize production on the belt rather than attempting to be contrary 38. Although he is as brilliant as, if not more brilliant than, many of his fellow students, he is very lazy an his thesis will be unfinished. (A) Although he is as brilliant as, if not more brilliant than, many of his fellow students, he is very lazy and his thesis will be unfinished. (B) Although he is as brilliant as, if not more brilliant than, many of his fellow students, he is very lazy with his thesis remaining unfinished. (C) Although he is as brilliant as, if not more brilliant than, many of his fellow students, he is very lazy and will not finish his thesis. (D) Despite his being brilliant as, if not more brilliant than his fellow students, he is very lazy and will not finish his thesis. (E) Being as brilliant as, or more brilliant than, many of his fellow students, he is very lazy and his thesis will be unfinished. 39. Doctors loath to prescribe powerful painkillers because their abuse as addictive drugs is a danger for many patients. (A) their abuse as addictive drugs is (B) as addictive drugs, their abuse is (C) the abuse of such addictive drugs is (D) the abuse of such addictive drugs are (E) the abuse of them as addictive drugs is PhiLSAT Practice Items Booklet – Six timed practice sub-tests Modified by ivgsisracon/20180327 STARC PhiLSAT Exam 1 Page 7 40. The beginning of the show always brought in lots of money, yet the average singer ended the show with a decrease in what their tip may be. (A) with a decrease in what their tip may be (B) with what was a decrease in what their tips were able to be (C) having decreased that which their tips might be (D) decreasing in their tips (E) with a decrease in tips 41. Because memory weakens with age, for the experiment to be valid, it is important that a group to be tested for drug induced memory loss be compared with a control group. (A) to be tested for drug induced memory loss be compared with (B) being tested for memory loss induced by drugs are compared with (C) being tested for drug induced memory loss should be compared to (D) being tested for drug induced memory loss are to be compared to (E) that is to be tested for drug induced memory loss are to be comparable with 42. As the journalist left to interview the convicted murderer, she was advised of the man’s short temper, told she should not anger him, and was given a tape recorder. (A) of the man’s short temper, told she should not anger him, and was (B) of the man’s short temper, told she should not anger him, and (C) of the man’s short temper and that she should not anger him and (D) that the man had a short temper, should not anger him, and was (E) that the man had a short temper, that she should not anger him, and was 43. The average individual’s cost of going into space is estimated at a fraction of the price per economy ticket of transatlantic airplane travel by the end of the 21st century. (A) The average individual’s cost of going into space is estimated at a fraction of the price per economy ticket of transatlantic airplane travel by the end of the 21st century. (B) The average individual’s cost by the end of the 21st century of going into space is estimate at a fraction of the price per economy ticket of transatlantic airplane travel. (C) By the end of the 21st century, the average individual’s cost of going into space is estimated at a fraction of the price per economy ticket of transatlantic airplane travel. (D) To go into space, the cost to the average individual is estimated at a fraction of the price per economy ticket of transatlantic airplane travel by the end of the 21st century. (E) It is estimated that by the end of the 21st century, the cost to the average individual of going into space will be a fraction of the current price per economy ticket of transatlantic airplane travel. 44. Praise for Johnny Starstruck and his entourage are common, although statistics show Americans still associate his name with the ritualistic murders. (A) are common, although statistics show Americans still associate his name with (B) are common, although statistics shows Americans still associate his name with (C) are common, although statistics shows Americans still associate his name to PhiLSAT Practice Items Booklet – Six timed practice sub-tests Modified by ivgsisracon/20180327 STARC PhiLSAT Exam 1 Page 8 (D) is common, although statistics show Americans still associate his name with (E) is common, although statistics shows Americans still associate his name to 45. If seriously mentally ill people do not receive medication, they can grow unable to support themselves, become irrational, and perhaps even threatening the safety of themselves or others. (A) and perhaps even threatening (B) and may even threaten (C) and even a possible threat to (D) as well as possibly threatening (E) as well as a possible threat to 46. When Henry dreams about his late wife, he sees her as she was during her youth. (A) he sees her as she was during (B) he sees her as she had been during (C) he sees her as if during (D) she appears to him as she did in (E) she appears to him as though in 47. Unlike that of the colonies of Portugal, France, and Germany, those of England are still affected by the former imperial power in modern days. (A) Unlike that of (B) Unlike those of (C) Unlike (D) In contrast to that of (E) Dissimilar to 48. America’s nuclear arsenal has expanded, but China’s and Pakistan’s too. (A) but China’s and Pakistan’s too (B) and also China’s and Pakistan’s (C) but so have China’s and Pakistan’s (D) and so also China’s and Pakistan’s (E) but so did China’s and Pakistan’s 49. The average American may not think of sexual harassment to be a widespread issue, but 75 percent of all women report experiencing it in the workplace. (A) The average American may not think of sexual harassment to be (B) The average American may not think of sexual harassment being (C) An average American may not think of sexual harassment as (D) The average American may not think of sexual harassment as (E) Sexual harassment may not be thought of by the average American as PhiLSAT Practice Items Booklet – Six timed practice sub-tests Modified by ivgsisracon/20180327 STARC PhiLSAT Exam 1 Page 9 50. The new style was loathsome to older designers; but they all knew the importance of the innovations made by younger stylists. (A) The new style was loathsome to older designers; but they all knew the importance of the innovations made by younger stylists. (B) The new style was loathsome to older designers, but they all knew the importance of the innovations made by younger stylists. (C) The new style was loathsome to older designers so they all knew the importance of the innovations made by younger stylists. (D) The new style was loathsome to older designers; and they all knew the importance of the innovations made by younger stylists. (E) The new style was loathsome to older designers, they all knew the importance of the innovations made by younger stylists. Question retrieved from PhiLSAT Practice Items Booklet – Six timed practice sub-tests Modified by ivgsisracon/20180327 STARC PhiLSAT Exam 1 Page 10 TEST B. CRITICAL THINKING Section 1. Logical Reasoning Directions: In this section, brief conversations or short passages are given followed by one or two questions. These questions ask for the analysis and evaluation of the reasoning in the conversation or passage. It is conceivable that all of the four choices given for each question may be correct answers. The task is to select the best answer for each question. The best answer is one which does not require assumptions that are irrelevant or inconsistent with the statements. MP3 players are revolutionizing the music industry. It is no longer necessary to buy CDs; you can just purchase songs online and download them to your computer. After that, you can upload your tunes to your MP3 player and have them available for selection at any time you want. Carting around a case of CDs is no longer necessary or even advisable, since you can carry the same number of songs found on 1,000 CDs in a 5-inch by 3-inch electronic device that can be hooked up to any speaker and plugged in anywhere. CDs are fast becoming vestigial components and within a couple of years will no longer be circulated. 1. Which of the following, if true, would most support the conclusion of the passage? (A) After the introduction of the CD, the tape lost popularity and eventually was phased out of the music industry. (B) MP3 devices will become more reasonably priced and better products as more people buy them. (C) Any new invention in the music industry will eventually preclude the circulation of previous competing inventions. (D) Tape decks will come back into style after the CD begins to lose dominance as a method of music storage. (E) The MP3 player will dominate the music storage industry until the introduction of the REV player in five years’ time. A recent survey was conducted among the passengers of overseas airline flights. The results of the survey revealed that a full 50% of the people who took stress-related medication for the flight had higher levels of stress in flight than people who did not take any medication for stress and the other 50% had lower levels of stress than the people who did not take such medication. These results conclusively demonstrate that stress-related medication is beneficial because the medication causes a group of normally stressed-out people to exhibit an average stress level. 2. Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the conclusion of the survey? (A) 100% of the stressed group were statistically distributed along a “stress bell curve.” (B) The study had a control group of passengers receiving no medication, and this group yielded the same stress-level results. (C) People in general are more stressed out on plane flights when they know that a survey or scientific test is being conducted. (D) The stressed-out people were given the strongest stress-related medication on the market in order to exaggerate the effectiveness of these medications in general. (E) Some people who were onboard the flight were asked to participate in the survey but chose not to. PhiLSAT Practice Items Booklet – Six timed practice sub-tests Modified by ivgsisracon/20180327 STARC PhiLSAT Exam 1 Page 11 Historical records show that in the 1400s, there were 10% more wars between countries than there were in the 1300s. The almanacs would also suggest that there were 10% more countries in existence in the 1400s. These statistics show that countries were not more likely to be violent towards each other during the 1400s; there were just more of them around, which accounts for this 10% increase in the incidence of war. 3. Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the conclusion of the argument? (A) The almanacs were mistaken and there was actually a 15% increase in the number of countries in the 1400s. (B) In general, national chroniclers chose to underreport wars in order to make their countries appear more virtuous and peaceful. (C) In the 1400s, countries tended to act violently toward their neighbors using various means short of war. (D) Warring nations tended to have a broader reach in the 1300s than in the 1400s. (E) The 1500s had a 20% increase in the number of wars fought b...
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