a. Read text Chapter 12 (p. 469-471) and course guide supplemental readings.
b. Complete Self-Reflection Worksheet (Self-Assessment and Ideal Self columns).
c. Answer IPO 20
the results of cadets’ NEO-PI-R.
the various processes through which one learns about him/herself.
how behaviors may be changed based on one’s interactions with the
An individual’s unique constellation of consistent behavioral traits
McCrae and Costa’s Five-Factor Model of Personality.
Maintains that most personality traits are derived form just five higher-order trains know
as the “Big Five”:
outgoing, sociable, upbeat, friendly, assertive and gregarious (+
anxious, hostile, self-concious, insecure, and vulnerable (- emotionality)
Openness to experience:
curiosity, flexibility, vivid fantasy, imaginative, arstisic,
sympathetic, trusting,cooperative, modest, straightforward
: diligent, disciplined, well organized, punctual, dependable
self-schemas and explain how they affect processing of information
related to the self.
The collection of beliefs and concepts that we hold about ourselves – the knowledge-
based summaries of our feelings, thoughts, and actions – are often referred to as
Hazel Markus (1977) argued that people tend to process information that are consistent
with their self-schemas more quickly than they can process ones that contradict with their
how one learns about the self through social comparison.
A second way that other people are involved in judgments about the self is that we often
compare ourselves to other people.
L E S S O N