22 Lesson Behavioral

22 Lesson Behavioral - Behavioral Humanistic Biological...

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Behavioral, Humanistic & Biological Perspectives of Personality ASSIGNMENT a. Study text Chapter 12 (pg 481-496 and 499-500). c. Answer IPO 22. d. Review Questions: Chapter 12 practice test questions 5-10 and 12-13 (pg 509). LESSON OBJECTIVES 22.1 Summarize personality development in terms of behavioral perspectives. 22.2 Explain personality development in terms of humanistic perspectives. 22.3 Summarize personality development in terms of biological perspectives. 22.4 Relate the impact of culture on personality. PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES 22-1. Describe how Skinner’s theory explains personality and its development. Skinner is a behavioralist. Behavioralism is a theoretical orientation based on the premise that scientific psychology should study only observable behavior. Skinner showed little interest in what goes on inside people, unlike Freud. He argued for determinism, asserting that behavior is fully determined by environmental stimuli. Skinner viewed a personality as a collection of response tendencies that are tied to various stimulus situations. These response tendencies are acquired through learning, mostly operant conditioning. 22-2. Summarize Bandura’s revision of the behavioral approach to personality. Social Cognitive theory: behaviorism taking into account cognitive processes. Bandura advocates a position called reciprocal determinism , the idea that the internal mental events external environmental events, and over behavior all influence one another. In addition to operational conditioning, Bandura claims the foremost contribution of
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22 Lesson Behavioral - Behavioral Humanistic Biological...

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