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total exam review - 2 Monarchies ruled by one aristocracies...

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2. Monarchies- ruled by one, aristocracies- ruled by few, democracy- ruled by many 5. Limited Government- strict limits placed, Representative Government- People Elect individuals to govt. decisions 6. established basis of republican government 7.Establishe congress of confederation as central governing body: Unicameral legislative (one house), Power to enter in treaties and alliances, establish and control armed forces, declare war and make peace, regulate coinage, settle dispute among state, create some government department 8. Central Government suffered from weakness (confederation made up of individual states) 9. States had own constitution often conflicting with U.S. 10. Revolt over heavy taxes 11. Virginia- Proposal for entirely new national government under constitution New Jersey- Favorable to small states (one vote per state) Connecticut- one body elected by people (house: elected by people, Senate: selected by Legislative, President: Elected by electors of each state, Supreme Court: selected by senate with president consent 14. Couldn’t pass laws to prohibit slavery, Regulate interstate commerce 16. Religious affiliation not required for any political office 17. Federalist: Papers to defend constitution, agreed to add bill of rights. Anti-federalist: Opposed strong central govt., wanted bill of rights 19. Federalism- divided national and state power Separation of power- govt. powers divided by legislative, executive, & judiciary Checks and Balances- No branch exercise exclusive control 20. Propose- 2/3 vote in both houses of congress Ratify- ¾ state legislative approves 22. Federal- Power divided between central and regional or sub divisional govt. Unitary- Power to National Govt. Confederal- National govt. exists and only operates by sub national governments (local power) 23. Advantages- Dispersion of power, govt. closer to people,state/local officials can experiment with policies Disadvantages- problems with coordination among the levels of government, lack of uniformity of laws across states/localities 24. Unitary- Federalist-
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25. Written in constitution 26. Implied power and national supremacy 27. Powers not for national govt. (reserved for states) 28. Can’t enter into treaties, coin money, grant title of nobility 29. State and federal govt. powers- taxation, borrow money, charter banks and corporations 30. States can’t use powers to concur with national govt. 31. Gibbons vs. Ogden- congress can regulate trade among states and foreign countries 32. Necessary and proper clause 34. Dual Federalism- state and federal govt. more or less equal (separate and distinct functions) Cooperative Federalism- National and state govt. cooperate in solving problems Centralized Federalism- National govt. dominates New Federalism- Return certain powers to states that were exercised by national government Competitive Federalism- State and local govt. competitive for business and citizens 36. States could declare national laws null if they disagreed 37. 16 th amendment allowed for national income tax, and great depression 38. Power of national govt. to influence state policies through grants
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