Language as a Cognitive Science

Language as a Cognitive Science - Session 2 08/31/10...

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Session 2 – 08/31/10 (Chapter 1 Pp. 11-22, Language Files 2.3-2.4 pp. 27-37) Language as a Cognitive Science Language can be studied as a Social Science, a Biological Science or a Cognitive Science (CogSci), and each asks somewhat different types of questions. Social Science asks: How language reflects who we are? Biological Science asks: Organization of linguistic in brain? Genetic Impairment? Cognitive Science Questions - What is the nature of human language? - Are those universal across human language? - What is the range of variation in human knowledge - What is the best way to describe the representation that captures a speaker-hearer’s knowledge? Cognitive Scientists in Linguistics ask: - What is the best way to describe the representations that capture a speaker-hearer’s knowledge? (know the difference between competence and performance ) - What are the processes that allow us to effortlessly translate our ideas into language? - What are the processes that allow us to understand the intent of others from the sounds they produce? - How do children acquire these abilities? (the language acquisition process nature/ nurture) Cognitive Scientists in Psychology ask: What are the processes underlying language production, comprehension and acquisition? Cognitive Scientists in Psycholinguistic typically study processes. The first CogSci “experiment’ on language was reported by - Herodotus (484-425 BC), in his History, book 2 - Carried out by the Ancient Egyptian King Psammetichus to look for who is the original human race - What was the experiment? Two infants raised in isolation by a shepherd to see what language emerge (a strong innate theory). The first word is “becos” (Phrygian for bread) is at age 2. - What point of view does it take : Nativist? Behaviorists? Some definitions Cognitive – of, characterized by, involving, or relating to the mental process of knowing including aspects such as awareness, perception, reasoning, and judgment. Science
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2011 for the course LING 275 at USC.

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Language as a Cognitive Science - Session 2 08/31/10...

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