Writing Multiple Choice Questions
Bloom's Taxonomy of Cognitive Levels
Recalling memorized information. May involve remembering a wide range of material
from specific facts to complete theories, but all that is required is the bringing to mind of
the appropriate information. Represents the lowest level of learning outcomes in the
Learning objectives at this level: know common terms, know specific facts, know
methods and procedures, know basic concepts, know principles.
Question verbs: Define, list, state, identify, label, name, who? when? where? what?
The ability to grasp the meaning of material. Translating material from one form to
another (words to numbers), interpreting material (explaining or summarizing),
estimating future trends (predicting consequences or effects). Goes one step beyond the
simple remembering of material, and represent the lowest level of understanding.
Learning objectives at this level: understand facts and principles, interpret verbal
material, interpret charts and graphs, translate verbal material to mathematical formulae,
estimate the future consequences implied in data, justify methods and procedures.
Question verbs: Explain, predict, interpret, infer, summarize, convert, translate, give
example, account for, paraphrase
The ability to use learned material in new and concrete situations. Applying rules,
methods, concepts, principles, laws, and theories. Learning outcomes in this area require
a higher level of understanding than those under comprehension.
Learning objectives at this level: apply concepts and principles to new situations, apply
laws and theories to practical situations, solve mathematical problems, construct graphs
and charts, demonstrate the correct usage of a method or procedure.
Question verbs: How could
be used to
? How would you show, make use of, modify,
demonstrate, solve, or apply
The ability to break down material into its component parts. Identifying parts, analysis of
relationships between parts, recognition of the organizational principles involved.
Learning outcomes here represent a higher intellectual level than comprehension and