Ch. 6 Bone Tissue - Bone Tissue 1 Functions of Bone and...

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Bone Tissue 1
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Functions of Bone and Skeletal System Support Protection Assistance in mvmt Mineral storage and release Blood cell prod. Red bone marrow Triglyceride storage Yellow bone marrow 2
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Types of Bones 206 in adult Bones are classified based on shape and location Long Short Flat Irregular Sesamoid Sutural (Wormian) Form follows function 3
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4
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Types of Bones Long Greater length than width Slightly curved for strength Absorbs shock Mostly compact bone (mostly long bone) Dense and has little/no space between cells Spongy bone A lot of space between cells 5
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Types of Bones Short (mostly spongy bone) Equal in length and width Cube shaped Mostly spongy bone w/ thin compact bone outerlayer 6
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Types of Bones Flat Thin Composed to internal and external tables Thin parallel layers of compact bone Diploe Spongy bone sandwiched b/w compact bone 7
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Types of Bones Irregular Diverse and complex shapes Vary in compact and spongy bone composition 8
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Types of Bones Sesamoid Develop in tendons Not completely ossified Very small Except patella Protect tendons from excessive wear/tear Alter direction of tendon pull 9
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Checkpoint: Collaborative Learning What advantage does altering the direction of tendon pull have on functionability? improves mechanical advantage of joint 10
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Types of Bones Sutural (Wormian) Small flat bones Located within suture lines of cranium 11
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Anatomy of Bone Diaphysis Shaft Epiphysis Proximal and distant ends Metaphysis Growing region Contains epiphyseal plate Hyaline cartilage Replaced by epiphyseal line (fused bone) 12
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Anatomy of Bone Articular cartilage Hyaline cartilage
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2011 for the course BIOL 1604 taught by Professor Allen during the Spring '03 term at Tulsa Community College.

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Ch. 6 Bone Tissue - Bone Tissue 1 Functions of Bone and...

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