Ch. 9 Joints - Joints 1 JointClassifications Structure...

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Joints 1
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Joint Classifications Structure Fibrous  bones joined by short connective tissue fibers Cartilaginous  bones united by cartilage Synovial  consists of two bones covered in articular cartilage 2
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Joint Classifications Function Synarthroses  no movement Amphiarthroses  limited Diathroses  freely movable 3
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Joint Classifications Ligaments Dense regular CT Bone to bone Resist stretching  (don’t contract like mm.) 4
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Joint Classifications Sprain Damage to ligaments w/ dislocation of bone Due to force exceeding strength of ligament Strain Stretched or partially torn mm. Due to force exceeding extensibility of mm. 5
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Fibrous Joints Connected via dense irregular CT Suture Synarthroses Found between bones of skull Irregular interlocking edges   strength 6
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7
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Fibrous Joints Syndesmoses Amphiarthroses Ligament connecting articular surfaces of two  bones together Anterior tibiofibular ligament Gomphosis 8
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9
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Fibrous Joints Interosseous membrane Amphiarthroses CT binds 2 adjacent long bones Hold the bones together Restricts range of motion Increases s.a. for mm. attachment Ulna/radius Tibia/fibula 10
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Cartilaginous Joints Hyaline cartilage or fibrocartilage connect  adjacent bones Synchrondroses Joint composed of hyaline cartilage Synarthroses Epiphyseal plate 12
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Cartilaginous Joints Symphyses Occur in midline of body
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2011 for the course BIOL 1604 taught by Professor Allen during the Spring '03 term at Tulsa Community College.

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Ch. 9 Joints - Joints 1 JointClassifications Structure...

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