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ReadingNotes12+ - Paul Fussels article Memory and Irony...

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Paul Fussel’s article “Memory and Irony” describes how an entire memory or recollection of a previously experienced event can be triggered by ironic or other particular moments in life. In his article, Fussel focuses specifically on the recollection of war stories that are remembered by soldiers of the previous world wars in our history. This article relates to William McNeill’s article titled “A Short History of Humanity,” in which he concluded that all individuals are a part of a singular world. Although the individual memoirs featured in each of the articles are from different world wars, soldiers from both wars have been subjected to the same pattern of incidents. In today’s war zone, the horrific events that a solider witnesses are also seen by war civilians. Although each soldiers and war civilians have their different personal memories of the war, the grief cause by war is felt universally by all sufferers. In Ainslee Embree’s article “Imperialism and Decolonization,” he outlines the examples of Imperialism and Decolonization that have occurred throughout history. In his article, Embree states that decolonization is “not so much a reversal of imperialism as an aspect of the same process” (192). Embree separates old imperialism from new imperialism by stating that indigenous populations are no longer being decimated like in earlier periods of exploration during European expansion. Embree states that the reasoning behind European expansion was for economic reasons. Embree differentiates decolonization from imperialism by saying that there were far more nationalist movements during times of imperialism than European colonization. Thus, thus processes of imperialism and decolonization brought about many different types of civilizations, cultures, and religions into society. This can be related back to Olaudah Equiano’s Kidnapped, Enslaved, and Sold Away , being that Africans were being brought into this new country to work and survive, which the aftermath was of new civilizations, cultures, religions, and ethnic ideas being introduced to the United States. In Karl Marx’s reading “The Communist Manifesto,” he calls out to all Communists around the world to publicly publish their views and allow themselves to manifest into the world. In his manifesto, Marx claims that the bourgeois have created created social classes which allow for the gap between the rich and poor to widen even more. The buourgeois are essentially modern day capitalists and the modern wage laborers class is called the proletariat. Marx describes the proletariat as a self-concious independent movement of the majority, whose interestes are in the majority. He states that capitalism comes along with the seeds of its own destruction, which is why the reappropriation of
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ReadingNotes12+ - Paul Fussels article Memory and Irony...

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