Chapter+13 - Fungus: single-celled, colorless plant that...

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Unformatted text preview: Fungus: single-celled, colorless plant that lacks chlorophyll; in humans may be yeast-like or mold- like Superficial skin infections-occur on the surface of or just below skin or nails Tinea Pedis (athletes foot) Tinea Cruris (jock itch) Tinea Corporis (ringworm) Onychomycosis (nail fungus) Candidiasis (yeast infections, thrush) Life-threatening systemic infections-develop inside the body, such as in the lungs, brain, or GI tract. ACTIONS  Fungicidal-able to destroy fungi  Fungistatic-able to retard the multiplication of fungi USES * Prophylactically to prevent fungal infection in immunocompromised patients * Superficial & deep fungal infections * Systemic infections * Superficial infections of nail beds; oral, anal, & vaginal areas Review drugs on pages 117. Topical: irritation, burning sensation redness, stinging abdominal pain (vaginal preparations) Systemic: headache rash anorexia, malaise abdominal, joint, or muscle pain N/V, diarrhea Antifungals: use cautiously in patients with renal dysfunction or hepatic impairment  Griseofulvin: not recommended for people with severe liver disease  Sporanox: should not be used to treat nail infections in patients with heart failure  Interactions depend on individual drugs. Assess pt. for S&S of infection prior to 1 st dose & document findings  Record VS  Weigh pt. if receiving amphotericin or flucytosine due to dosage being determined by weight  Carefully observe pt. every 2-4 hrs. for adverse reactions when receiving an oral or parenteral antifungal Given under close supervision in hospital...
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2011 for the course PNR 182 taught by Professor Toole during the Spring '10 term at Orangeburg-Calhoun Technical College.

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Chapter+13 - Fungus: single-celled, colorless plant that...

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