Unit 5 - LPNC LPNC UnitFive PeripheralIntravenous Therapy

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LPN-C LPN-C Unit Five Peripheral Intravenous  Therapy
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2 Discomfort with IV Infusion Discomfort with IV Infusion Individuals typically experience  anxiety related to intravenous therapy Illness Unfamiliar environment Need for complex services and  procedures Extreme anxiety can have  physiological effects Spasm or constriction of veins due to the  sympathetic response Blood shunted from peripheral circulation to  vital organs Inhibits venous access
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3 Psychological preparation increases  coping ability Relaxes the client Facilitates initiation of IV therapy for the  nurse Client teaching Time Building rapport and relaying caring Allowing time for questions Explanations Overcoming communication barriers Honesty How long the IV may be in place Why IV access is needed
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4 Pain reduction Advise patient of measures that may  decrease distress Assure patient that you will be as efficient  as possible Employ appropriate physical,  pharmacological, and psychological  measures to minimize discomfort Professionalism Express confidence and expertise Reinforce positive aspects of the  procedure
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5 Latex Allergy Precautions Latex Allergy Precautions Patients at risk for latex-related  reactions – Women constitute 75% of all reported  cases Asthma Allergy history Occupational exposure to latex Fruit and vegetable allergies Avocados Bananas Chestnuts Kiwis and other tropical fruits Intermittent catheterization Chronic genitourinary or abdominal 
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6 Latex Allergy Precautions (cont’d) Latex Allergy Precautions (cont’d) Report incidents of adverse reactions  to latex or other materials used in  medical devices to the FDA FDA recommendations to health  professionals -- Assess latex sensitivity while obtaining  history for all patients Use devices made with alternative  materials Be alert for an allergic reaction whenever  latex-containing devices are used,  especially when in contact with mucus  membranes Alert clients with suspected allergic 
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7 Latex Allergy Precautions (cont’d) Latex Allergy Precautions (cont’d) FDA recommendations to health  professionals (cont’d) -- Advise clients to tell health professionals  and emergency personnel about latex  sensitivity Consider advising clients with a latex  allergy to wear a medical identification  bracelet Other allergies Must assess for allergies to foods,  animals and insect matter, and  environmental substances Iodine Often used in skin antisepsis
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2011 for the course PNR 182 taught by Professor Toole during the Spring '10 term at Orangeburg-Calhoun Technical College.

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Unit 5 - LPNC LPNC UnitFive PeripheralIntravenous Therapy

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