303.00 Alcohol intoxication
291.81 Alcohol withdrawal
291.89 Alcohol-induced mood disorder
291.89 Alcohol-induced anxiety disorder
292.81 Intoxication delirium
Alcohol is a CNS depressant drug that is used socially in our society for many reasons (e.g., to
enhance the flavor of food, to encourage relaxation and conviviality, for feelings of celebration, and as a
sacred ritual in some religious ceremonies). Therapeutically, it is the major ingredient in many
prescription medications. It can be harmless, enjoyable, and sometimes beneficial when used
responsibly and in moderation. Like other mind-altering drugs, however, it has the potential for abuse and,
in fact, is the most widely abused drug in the United States (research suggests 5% to 10% of the adult
population) and is potentially fatal. Frequently, the client in a residential care setting has been using alcohol
in conjunction with other drugs. It is believed that alcohol is often used by clients who have other mental
illnesses to assuage the pain they feel. The term “dual diagnosis” is used to mean an association between
the use/abuse of drugs (including alcohol) and other psychiatric diagnoses. It may be difficult to determine
cause and effect in any given situation to determine an accurate diagnosis. However, it is important to
recognize when both conditions are present so that the often-overwhelming problems of treatment are
instituted for both conditions.
This plan of care addresses acute intoxication/withdrawal and is to be used in conjunction with CP:
Substance Dependence/Abuse Rehabilitation.
The individual remains fixed in a lower level of development, with retarded ego and weak superego.
The person retains a highly dependent nature, with characteristics of poor impulse control, low frustration
tolerance, and low self-esteem.
Enzymes, genes, brain chemistry, and hormones create and contribute to an individual’s response to
alcohol. The two types of alcohol-related disorders are (1) familial, which is largely inherited, and (2)
acquired. A childhood history of attention-deficit disorder or conduct disorder also increases a child’s risk
of becoming alcoholic. Certain physiological changes also may cause addiction to alcohol, or alcoholism.