PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS AFFECTING MEDICAL CONDITION

PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS AFFECTING MEDICAL CONDITION -...

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PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS AFFECTING MEDICAL CONDITION DSM-IV 316 (Psychological factors) affecting medical condition Choose name based on nature of/most prominent factor: Mental disorder affecting medical condition Psychological symptoms affecting medical condition Personality traits or coping style affecting medical condition Maladaptive health behaviors affecting medical condition Stress-related physiological response affecting medical condition Unspecified psychological factors affecting medical condition (Refer to DSM-IV listing for specific definitions.) These disorders represent a group of ailments in which emotional stress is a contributing factor to  physical problems (coded on Axis III) involving an organ system under involuntary control. Any organ  system may be affected, depending on the individual’s susceptibility. The result is the development or  exacerbation of, interference with therapy for, and / or delayed recovery from a medical condition. Lists of related medical conditions are subject to change as research progresses because to date a clear  psychological-biological connection has been implied but not yet scientifically proved. ETIOLOGICAL THEORIES Although the etiology of psychosomatic disorders is unknown, an individual’s emotional state and life  circumstances are believed to significantly affect the onset, form, and course of psychosomatic illness. The  interaction of psychological, social, and biological factors becomes evident as physical symptoms appear  and diminish in direct relationship to the amount of stress the person is experiencing. Psychophysiological  disorders do occur without known psychological components, but these disorders usually require some  genetic predisposition to respond to stress pathologically. Psychodynamics Thought   to   center   around   issues   of   unresolved   dependency   conflicts,   undischarged   aggressive  feelings, repressed anger, hostility, resentment, and anxiety, these conflicts are expressed somatically.  Physiological   responses   correspond   to   unconscious   emotional   conflict   instead   of   directly   through  verbalization, indicating inadequate or maladaptive defense mechanisms. Interpersonal theory proposes that individuals with specific personality traits are predisposed to  develop or precipitate certain disease processes (e.g., those who are dependent may develop asthma);  depression has been linked to cancer and aggressiveness to chest pain or dysrhythmias. Biological
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PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS AFFECTING MEDICAL CONDITION -...

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