Nomenclature%20of%20Ionic%20Compounds

Nomenclature%20of%20Ionic%20Compounds - Nomenclature of...

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Nomenclature of Ionic Compounds Monatomic Ions Memorize the common monatomic ions formed by various metals and non-metals, given in the Periodic Table below. Note that: --- Non-metal atoms gain electrons and form negatively charged anions (excepting the noble gases). --- Metal atoms lose electrons and form positively charged cations (including all the metals not explicitly shown). --- The charges of main group (A) metal and non-metal ions tend to follow group trends. 1A 2A 3A 4A 5A 6A 7A 8A ? H -1 Li +1 Be +2 C -4 N -3 O -2 F -1 Na +1 Mg +2 Transition Metals (B) Al +3 P -3 S -2 Cl -1 K +1 Ca +2 Ti +2 Ti +3 Ti +4 Cr +2 Cr +3 Cr +6 Mn +2 Mn +3 Mn +4 Fe +2 Fe +3 Co +2 Co +3 Ni +2 Ni +3 Cu +1 Cu +2 Zn +2 Ga +3 As -3 Se -2 Br -1 Rb +1 Sr +2 Ag +1 Cd +2 In +1 In +3 Sn +2 Sn +4 I -1 Cs +1 Ba +2 Au +1 Au +3 Hg 2 +2 Hg +2 (Tl +1 ) (Tl +3 ) Pb +2 Pb +4 Bi +3 Bi +5 (At -1 ) (Fr +1 ) (Ra +2 ) The names of monatomic non-metal anions are based on the original element name but end in __ide. The names of monatomic metal cations are the same as the original element names.
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2011 for the course CHEM 11 taught by Professor Scholefield during the Spring '08 term at Santa Monica.

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Nomenclature%20of%20Ionic%20Compounds - Nomenclature of...

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