chapter 6 & 7

chapter 6 & 7 - 6 1 Violent crimes(cries against...

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6 5 types of crime 6 4th Amendment 6 6 5th Amendment the right to remain silent 6 6th amendment 6 6th amendment The right to council 6 8th amendment 6 Actus reus 6 Arrest it is a likelyhood…NOT just a probablilty 1- Violent crimes (cries against persons) 2- property crimes 3- Public order crime 4- White collar crime 5- Organized Crime 1) Murder, rape assult battery 2) Burglary, larcency, arson, forgery, receive stole goods 3)drunkenness, prostitution, drugs 4) embezzelment, bribery, bankruptcy fraud, insider trade, mai / wire fraud 5) Money laundering, racketeering Provides protection against unreasonable searches and seizures and requires that probable cause exist before a warrant for a search or an arrest can be issued No one can be deprived of life, liberty or propety without due process of law. No one can be tried twice (doublke jeopardy for the same offense. No one can be required to incriminate himself a right to a speedy trial and a right to a trial of a jury - the right to public trial - the right to confront witnesses - and the right to council prohibits excessive bail and fines as well as cruel and unusual punishment. Guards must provide humane conditions and confinement A guilty (prohibited) act. The commission of a prohibited act is one of the two essential elements required for criminal liability, the other element being the intent to committ a crime Most crimes require an act of commission - a person MUST do soething in order to be acused in CRIMINAL law a prohibited act is referred to as Actus reus or guilty act. An act of ommission can be a crime when the person has the obligation to perform the act for a crime to exist, a person must cause har to a person or to property before an arrest, there must be probable cause for believing that the individual in question has committed a crime
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6 Arson 6 6 Bribery 6 Burden of proof 6 Burglary 6 Civil Law 6 Criminal Law 6 computer crime 6 consent The willful and malicious burning of a building (and in some state, personal property) owned by another The destruction of any building regardless of ownership by fire or explosion Beyond a reasonable doubt The standard of proof used in criminal cases If there is any reasonable doubt that a criminal defendant committed the crime with which he has been charged than the verdict must be NOT GUILTY the prosecutor must prove - beyond reasonalbe doubt - that the defendant committed every aspect of the crime - and the jury must be unanimous reflects a fundamental social value - the belief that it is worse to convict an innocent person that set a guilty one free Involves offering to give something of value to a person in an attempt to influence that person - usually but not always the person is a public official offering a bribe is a crime regardless if they accept it….if they accept, that is a differnet crime all together Thjre types of bribery: 1) Bribery of public crimes 2) Commercial bribery (between persons and business) 3) bribery of foreign officlas
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chapter 6 & 7 - 6 1 Violent crimes(cries against...

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