A statement required by the National Environmental Policy Act for any major
federal action that will significantly affect the quality of the environment. The
statement must analyze the action's impact on the environment and explore
alternative actions that might be taken.
A common law doctrine under which persons may be held liable for using their
property in a manner that unreasonably interferes with others' rights to use or
enjoy their own property.
A party liable for the costs of cleaning up a hazardous waste disposal site under
the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act
(CERCLA). Any person who generated the hazardous waste, transported it,
owned or operated the waste site at the time of disposal, or owns or operates the
site at the present time may be responsible for some or all of the clean-up costs.
A civil wrong arising from exposure to a toxic substance, such as asbestos,
radiation, or hazardous waste.
Water-saturated areas of land that are designated by a government agency (such
as the Army Corps of Engineers or the Environmental Protection Agency) as
protected areas that support wildlife. Such areas cannot be filled in or dredged by
private parties without a permit.
The acquisition of title to real property by occupying it openly, without the consent of the
owner, for a period of time specified by a state statute. The occupation must be actual,
open, notorious, exclusive, and in opposition to all others, including the owner.
a means of obtaining title of the land without delivery of a deed and without the
consent of, or payment to, the true owner
1)Possession must be actual and exclusive
2) must be open and visible and notorious, not secret
3) Possession must be continous and peaceable for a required period of time
4) Possession must be hostile and adverse, can not be living on the property
Zoning regulations that restrict the amount of structural coverage on a particular parcel of
The final step in the sale of real estate; also called settlement or closing escrow. The
escrow agent coordinates the closing with the recording of deeds, the obtaining of title
insurance, and other closing activities. A number of costs must be paid, in cash, at the time
of closing, and they can range from several hundred to thousands of dollars, depending on
the amount of the mortgage loan and other conditions of the sale.
A form of concurrent ownership of property in which each spouse in a marriage technically
owns an undivided one-half interest in property acquired during the marriage. This form of
joint ownership occurs in only ten states and Puerto Rico.
does not apply to property acquired by gift or inheritance during marrage, or