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6.DevAndFLFP_10 - 6 Female Labor in Economic th Development...

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Ronald Lee, UC Berkeley, 2010 6. Female Labor in Economic Development and 20 th Cent US Ronald Lee Econ/Demog 175 February 4, 2010
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Ronald Lee, UC Berkeley, 2010 Readings for next time Michael J. Brien and Michelle E. Sheran (2003) “The Economics of Marriage and Household Formation” in Shoshana A. Grossbard- Shechtman ed. Marriage and the Economy (Cambridge University Press) pp.37-54. Reader: 168-185. Evelyn L. Lehrer (2003) “The Economics of Divorce” in Shoshana A. Grossbard-Shechtman ed. Marriage and the Economy (Cambridge University Press) pp.55-74. Reader: 188-207.
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Ronald Lee, UC Berkeley, 2010 Problem Set policies Rules for submission Not accepted in mail boxes or at offices Late problem sets not accepted at all Problem sets do not need to be done by computer; by hand is fine. Problem sets do not need to be printed in color if done on a computer.
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Ronald Lee, UC Berkeley, 2010 For Thursday lecture Next week's sections will be held in the computer lab: Wed (Feb 10) 2-3: 64 Barrows Wed (Feb 10) 3-4: 64 Barrows Wed (Feb 10) 6-7: Demog Dept; Laptops only; bring with battery charged. Thu (Feb 11) 4-5: 64 Barrows We will go through IPUMS exercises (for PS2).
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Ronald Lee, UC Berkeley, 2010 What does pos inc effect mean in lecture and the Goldin reading? Note that more leisure means less labor, and vice versa. Pos inc effect means more leisure taken when income is higher. Same as negative income effect on women’s labor supply: less labor supplied when income is higher. Used this way in Goldin.
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Ronald Lee, UC Berkeley, 2010 Choose the most inclusive answer: In the labor-leisure model for a married couple, assuming leisure is a normal good, if the husband’s income is higher, then the model implies that: A. The wife will supply less labor outside the home; B. The outcome is ambiguous because the income and substitution effects go in opposite directions; C. Household utility will be higher. D. B and C are both true. E. A and C are both true.
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Ronald Lee, UC Berkeley, 2010 Lecture Plan Changing women’s economic roles in Third World: Mammen and Paxson rdg. Changing women’s roles in the US: Goldin reading.
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Ronald Lee, UC Berkeley, 2010 Other influences on female labor supply Changing values, norms, laws (preferences, indifference map) Some cultures and religions discourage female labor outside the home Men whose wives work outside may be stigmatized. Maybe only white color work is OK. Kind of job as well as wage of job matters! Are changes in these factors a cause or a consequence of the other changes? Hard to say.
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Ronald Lee, UC Berkeley, 2010 Mammen-Paxson Analysis tries to avoid two problems Goal is to see how economic development affects female labor supply to market. But – two problems: First, fertility may be systematically higher in richer (or poorer) countries, and that may affect FLFP (avoid by looking at older women).
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