09_11_FoodEnergy - Food Energy Relationship Examining...

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Food – Energy Relationship Examining Organic and Local Foods in Terms of Energy and Climate
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“I believe that a revolution can begin from this one strand of straw. Seen at a glance, this rice straw may appear light and insignificant. Hardly anyone would believe that it could start a revolution. But I have come to realize the weight and power of this straw.” Masanobu Fukuoka
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What is organic food? ± Whether food is considered organic or not is based on the materials and practices used in the growth and production of that food. ± For Agriculture : rops grown without artificial pesticides fertilizers additives or ± Crops grown without artificial pesticides, fertilizers, additives, or other possibly environmentally harmful products/practices. ± Emphasizes preservation of soil fertility and alternative techniques to pest control and healthy plant growth. ± For Animal Products : ± Animals reared without the use of artificial antibiotics, steroids, growth hormones and other products. Their feed is held to organic andards standards. ± Allow animals outdoor access for both grazing and exercise.
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Organic Certification ± In general, organic food certification consists of: ± The study of organic standards ± Compliance to farm facility & production standards ocumentation Planning and Inspection ± Documentation, Planning, and Inspection ± Paying certification fees ± Standards of certification vary across organizations , especially between different countries. ± The main organic certification body in the U.S. is the National rganic Program OP) which functions through the USDA Organic Program (NOP), which functions through the USDA. ± Uses The Organic and Food Production Act of 1990 as a guideline for standards. ertifies using product levels of 100% 95% or 70% organic ± Certifies using product levels of 100%, 95%, or 70% organic
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Drawback of Organics ± As a trend-driven product , p , organic food commands higher prices, which increases revenue and allows farmers to spend more on their crops. ± This allows growers to be located much further away from the point of sale, since now, more money can be spent on transportation and frigeration refrigeration ± Thus in order to avoid wasting energy and emitting carbon dioxide and other Green House Gases , it may be favorable to buy locally grown food rather than simply organic.
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What is Local Food? ocal food can either be simply food grown in close ± Local food can either be simply food grown in close proximity to the intended consumer(s) or as an attempt at creating a sustainable food community. ± In both cases, the idea is to bypass the unnecessary use of energy in production and transportation of food. ± If organic practices are used in conjunction with local practices, growing local food reduces its impact on the vironment environment.
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Sustainable Farming Practices ulticulture eans growing multiple species and a ± Multiculture means growing multiple species and a variety of crops at the same time and place.
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09_11_FoodEnergy - Food Energy Relationship Examining...

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