Midterm Review 1 2009 -...

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ES 10: Intro to Environmental Science, Fall 2009 Midterm 1 Review Sheet  Test Format:  The exam will be approximately (subject to change): 5 true/false, 15  multiple choice, choose 3 of 4 short answers, and choose 1 of 3 essay questions. Be sure  to budget your time accordingly! Intro and “The Big Three” Key terms -ecological footprint  – compares the environmental impact of specific actions to  the limitations of the earth’s natural resources and ecosystem functionality. -sustainability-  it can be unsustainable if an action endangers the survival of  humans; impair human health; causes species extinction or violate human rights;  reduce quality of life; or have consequences that are inconsistent with other  values, beliefs, or aesthetic preferences. An action can be considered  sustainable if it includes impediments to the ecosystem functions that support  human life, human health, and species viability.  (The article argues that the category of values, beliefs, aesthetic preferences  should not be considered sustainability concerns. Base line- Human survival; Level 2 – Reduction of life expectancy(health issues);  Level 3 – Species extinction or violations of human rights.  -scarcity Key concepts -Impacts of population growth on resources -Trends in population growth and urbanization -Energy sources—which do we depend on the most? -Water use by different sectors (agricultural, industrial, domestic) -Impacts of changing lifestyles  Earthquakes Key terms active strike-slip right lateral catastrophic rupture fault creep intensity
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magnitude epicenter focus liquefaction earthquake fault zone According to Elastic Rebound Theory, a fault is incapable of movement until strain has  built up in the rocks on either side of the fault. The strain accumulates by the gradual  shifting of the earth’s crust. Rocks become distorted but hold their original positions until 
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2011 for the course ES 10 taught by Professor Kondolf during the Spring '09 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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Midterm Review 1 2009 -...

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