Smart_Cards - 1 SMART CARDS PILOT PROJECT Chandra Sekhar...

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1 Abstract Information from the health care sector is most sensitive and it demands security and portability. The fundamental concept of medical data emphasizes this particular characteristic and requires more appropriate ways of dealing and handling medical data. The proposed smart card pilot project [3] describes the development of a system that aims to contribute an improved alternative for the whole health care infrastructure. The aim of this project is to deliver a system which would be secure, reliable and simple to use. The essential idea is based on smart cards, being used for authentication, secure data interchange and will feature the use of a smart card carried by the patient, as well as health care provider databases and software to read and write to the smart cards, and to read and write to a web database. Index Terms — Authentication, Biometrics, Card Operating System (COS), DES, Encryption, Smart Card I. INTRODUCTION H AT IS A SMART CARD ? Smart card refers to a plastic card with a chip that holds an embedded microprocessor and a Manuscript received December 4, 2006. This work was supported by Dr. Frank Hadlock, Dept. of Computer Science, Tennessee Tech University, Cookeville, TN-38505, USA. Dr. Frank Hadlock, Senior Professor is with Department of Computer Science, Tennessee Tech University, Cookeville, TN-38505, USA. Phone: 931- 372-3687; (e-mail: fhadlock@tntech.edu). His research interests include Clinical Information Management, Design and Visualization of Algorithms, Language Understanding and Translation. Chandra Sekhar Jamalpur is a Graduate Student of Department of Computer Science, Tennessee Tech University, Cookeville, TN-38505, USA. Phone: 931-349-8485; (e-mail: chandrasekhar.jp@gmail.com). data storage unit. It is having a size of ordinary credit card. These cards have standardized electrical contacts for drawing power and for communicating with external devices. We can use these cards to store some sensible data, which can be protected by the user with his PIN’, finger print (biometrics). A Smart Card can be defined as “A plastic card, usually similar in size and shape to a credit card, containing a microprocessor and memory (which allows it to store and process data) and complying with ISO 7816 standard” [2]. One of the most important qualities of a smart card is the capability to protect data stored on the card against unauthorized access and manipulation. A COS controls the interface for transferring data between the smart card and a connected reader. Due to the usage of cryptographic algorithms and security protocols confidential data can be stored on the card in a way that prevents it from being read from the outside. II. B
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Smart_Cards - 1 SMART CARDS PILOT PROJECT Chandra Sekhar...

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