MSSmartCards - Smart Cards Microsoft Corporation Updated...

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Smart Cards Microsoft Corporation Updated March 1999 Summary: The Microsoft® Windows® operating system platform is smart card–enabled and is the best and most cost-effective computing platform for developing and deploying smart-card solutions. Smart-card requirements have been incorporated into the PC98 and NetPC design specifications and into future releases of the Microsoft Windows operating system. Microsoft has released its implementation of the PC/SC 1.0 specifications for the Windows NT® 4.0, Windows 95, and Windows 98 operating system platforms. Future releases of the Windows platform will also contain smart-card support as part of the base platform. (8 printed pages) Introduction The need for security and enhanced privacy is increasing as electronic forms of identification replace face-to-face and paper-based ones. The emergence of the global Internet and the expansion of the corporate network to include access by customers and suppliers from outside the firewall have accelerated the demand for solutions based on public-key technology. A few examples of the kinds of services that public-key technology enables are secure channel communications over a public network, digital signatures to ensure image integrity and confidentiality, and authentication of a client to a server (and vice versa). Why Smart Cards Smart cards are a key component of the public-key infrastructure that Microsoft is integrating into the Windows platform because smart cards enhance software-only solutions, such as client authentication, logon, and secure e-mail. Smart cards are essentially a point of convergence for public-key certificates and associated keys because they: provide tamper-resistant storage for protecting private keys and other forms of personal information. Isolate security-critical computations, involving authentication, digital signatures, and key exchange from other parts of the system that do not have a need to know. Enable portability of credentials and other private information between computers at work, at home, or on the road. The smart card will become an integral part of the Windows platform because smart cards provide new and desirable features as revolutionary to the computer industry as the introduction of the mouse or CD.
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Interoperability Incompatibility of applications, cards, and readers has been a major reason for the slow adoption of smart cards outside of Europe. Interoperability among different vendors' products is a necessary requirement to enable broad consumer acceptance of smart cards and for corporations to deploy smart cards for use within the enterprise. ISO 7816, EMV, and GSM To promote interoperability among smart cards and readers, the International Standards Organization (ISO) developed the ISO 7816 standards for integrated circuit cards with contacts. These specifications focused on interoperability at the physical, electrical, and data-link protocol
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2011 for the course SECURITY 2354 taught by Professor Morganjones during the Spring '11 term at Ucla Venezuela.

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MSSmartCards - Smart Cards Microsoft Corporation Updated...

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