[14]-moghaddameh tutorial_text

[14]-moghaddameh tutorial_text - Title Page Smart Card...

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Title Page Smart Card Technology – A Tutorial Main Menu Overview Technology Review Applications Featured Articles and Topics SECTION 1: OVERVIEW Scene 1.1: Section Objectives In this section we will examine: The evolution of the smart card Types of smart cards in the market place, and Historical milestones. Scene 1.2: Introduction Imagine the power of a computer, the speed and security of electronic data, and the freedom to carry that information anywhere on earth. Imagine a computer so small it fits inside a plastic card like the credit card you carry in your wallet. Imagine the Smart Card. Scene 1.3: Computer Evolution Information technology is evolving at an amazing pace. Personal computers, fax machines, pagers, and cell phones are in the hands of millions of people worldwide. Similarly, interest in smart card technology has soared in the 1990’s, and by the year 2000 the number and variety of smart card-based applications will explode around the world. Scene 1.4: Smart Card Evolution The driving factors of the growing interest in smart cards include the declining cost of smart cards and the growing concern that magnetic stripe cards can not provide the protections necessary to thwart fraud and security breaches. This security issue alone may propel smart card technology to the forefront of business transactions.
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Scene 1.5: What is a Smart Card? What is a smart card? The term Smart Card is loosely used to describe any card with a capability to relate information to a particular application such as magnetic stripe, optical, memory, and microprocessor cards. It is more precise, however to refer to memory and microprocessor cards as smart cards. A magnetic stripe card has a strip of magnetic tape material attached to its surface. This is the standard technology used for bank cards. Optical cards are bank card-size, plastic cards that use some form of laser to write and read the card. Memory cards can store a variety of data, including financial, personal, and specialized information; but cannot process information. Smart cards with a microprocessor look like standard plastic cards, but are equipped with an embedded Integrated Circuit (IC) chip. Microprocessor cards can store information, carry out local processing on the data stored, and perform complex calculations. These cards take the form of either “contact” cards which require a card reader or “contactless” cards which use radio frequency signals to operate. Scene 1.6: Microprocessor Smart Card For the purpose of this tutorial, we are focusing our discussion on the microprocessor type of Smart Card defined as an IC chip contact card with a microprocessor and memory. No bigger than a credit card, this smart card contains a dime-sized microchip that can process and store thousands of bits of electronic data. Unlike passive devices (such as a memory card or magnetic stripe card) that can only store information, the smart card is active and able to
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[14]-moghaddameh tutorial_text - Title Page Smart Card...

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