Organic Chemistry 353-Chapter 4

Organic Chemistry 353-Chapter 4 - Alkanes Alkanes have...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–7. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Alkanes lkanes have general formula C ± Alkanes have general formula C n H 2n+2 ± Cycloalkanes have general formula C n H 2n ± Saturated - contain sp 3 hybridised carbons
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Branched Alkanes ± Alkanes can be branched o of isomers increases dramatically as no of carbon atoms ± No of isomers increases dramatically as no of carbon atoms increases
Background image of page 2
Isomers ± The isomers of alkanes differ in physical properties
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Nomenclature of Alkanes ompound names were previously unsystematic ± Compound names were previously unsystematic ± IUPAC rules for naming organic compounds devised so that each compound will have an unambiguous name
Background image of page 4
Unbranched Alkyl Groups ± Removing one hydrogen from an alkane gives an alkyl group
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Nomenclature of Branched Chain Alkanes ind the longest chain of carbon atoms ± Find the longest chain of carbon atoms ± Number the longest chain beginning at end nearest the substituent ± Add substituent names as alkyl substituents ± Number position of substituent attachment beginning at end nearest substituent ± For multiple substituents 1) Number each substituent according to number on longest chain
Background image of page 6
Image of page 7
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/02/2011 for the course CHEM 353 taught by Professor Walsh during the Spring '11 term at University of Evansville.

Page1 / 28

Organic Chemistry 353-Chapter 4 - Alkanes Alkanes have...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 7. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online