Organic Chemistry 353-Chapter 7

Organic Chemistry 353-Chapter 7 - NomenclatureofAlkylHalides

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Nomenclature of Alkyl Halides ± Halides are named as substituents on the parent chain ± In common nomenclature the simple haloalkanes are named as alkyl halides
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Vinyl halides Aryl halides enzylic alides llylic alides Benzylic Halides Allylic Halides
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Structure of Alkyl Halides ± Bond lengths increase and bond strengths decrease
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Physical Properties
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Uses of Alkyl Halides
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Preparation of Alkyl Halides ee dical halogenation ± Free radical halogenation ± Allylic bromination
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Mechanism of Allylic Bromination
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Reactions of Alkyl Halides
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Reactions of Alkyl Halides
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Nucleophilic Substitution Reactions Nu RL Nu R + L + ± Many reactions of this type exist
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General Features of Nucleophilic Substitution
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Nucleophiles ± A nucleophile is a reagent that seeks a positive centre ± Any negative ion or any neutral molecule that has one unpaired electron can be a nucleophile
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Leaving Groups good leaving group is one that can leave as a relatively stable ± A good leaving group is one that can leave as a relatively stable weakly basic molecule or anion ± How does the nucleophile replace the leaving group ?
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What is the Mechanism ?
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2011 for the course CHEM 353 taught by Professor Walsh during the Spring '11 term at University of Evansville.

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Organic Chemistry 353-Chapter 7 - NomenclatureofAlkylHalides

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