PL100 WPR 3

PL100 WPR 3 - PL100 WPR III Lessons 14-18 KEY POINTS FROM...

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PL100 WPR III Lessons 14-18 KEY POINTS FROM LESSON 14 Classical Conditioning (UCS, UCS, CS, CR) Extinction and Spontaneous recovery Stimulus generalization and distinction High order conditioning KEY POINTS FROM LESSON 15 Operant conditioning Reinforcement schedules Effective use of punishment (CARES) Processes of Observational Learning KEY POINTS FROM LESSON 16 Development Cross-sectional vs. Longitudinal research Ainsworth’s theory of attachment Erikson personality development (Stages 1-4) Piaget’s theory of Cognitive development Kohlberg’s theory of moral development KEY POINTS FROM LESSON 17 Puberty vs. Pubescence Is adolescence a time of turmoil? Marcia’s four identity statuses Erikson’s personality theory (stages 5-8) Identity physical changes that take place in adulthood KEY POINTS FROM LESSON 18 Difference between sex and gender Gender differences in behavior and brain Origins of gender differences Sources of gender-roles Three common rape myths Differences in communication of men and women LESSON 14 Unconditioned stimulus (UCS) : a stimulus that evokes an unconditioned response without previous conditioning Unconditioned response (UCR) : an unlearned reaction to an unconditioned stimulus that occurs without previous conditioning (never have to teach a UCR Conditioned stimulus (CS) : a previously neutral stimulus that has, through conditioning, acquired the capacity to evoke a conditioned response (linked to an UCS) Conditioned response (CR) : a learned reaction to a conditioned stimulus that occurs because of previous conditioning (same as the UCR just evoked by a different stimulus)(used to be a neutral stimulus(NS)) Extinction: the gradual weakening and disappearance of a conditioned response tendency The consistent presentation of the conditioned stimulus alone without the unconditioned stimulus leads to extinction of the CR. Spontaneous recovery: the reappearance of an extinguished response after a period of nonexposure to the conditioned stimulus Stimulus generalization : occurs when an organism that has learned a response to a specific stimulus responds in the same way Conditioned Stimulus Unconditioned Stimulus Unconditioned Response Conditioned response
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to new stimuli that are similar to the original stimulus. Stimulus discrimination: occurs when an organism that has learned a response to a specific stimulus does not respond in the same way to new stimuli that are similar to the original stimulus. High-order conditioning : A conditioned stimulus functions as if it were an unconditioned stimulus to elicit a new conditioned stimulus. LESSON 15
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course PL 100 taught by Professor Meine during the Spring '08 term at West Point.

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PL100 WPR 3 - PL100 WPR III Lessons 14-18 KEY POINTS FROM...

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