D100157GC20.pdf - Oracle SuperCluster for System Administrators Student Guide D100157GC20 Edition 2.0 | June 2017 | D100415 Learn more from Oracle

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Unformatted text preview: Oracle SuperCluster for System Administrators Student Guide D100157GC20 Edition 2.0 | June 2017 | D100415 Learn more from Oracle University at education.oracle.com Author Carlos J Ceballo Technical Contributor and Reviewer Geetha Nazare Editor Raj Kumar Graphic Designer Prakash Dharmalingam Publishers Syed Ali Giri Venugopal Copyright © 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Disclaimer This document contains proprietary information and is protected by copyright and other intellectual property laws. You may copy and print this document solely for your own use in an Oracle training course. The document may not be modified or altered in any way. Except where your use constitutes "fair use" under copyright law, you may not use, share, download, upload, copy, print, display, perform, reproduce, publish, license, post, transmit, or distribute this document in whole or in part without the express authorization of Oracle. The information contained in this document is subject to change without notice. If you find any problems in the document, please report them in writing to: Oracle University, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, California 94065 USA. This document is not warranted to be error-free. Restricted Rights Notice If this documentation is delivered to the United States Government or anyone using the documentation on behalf of the United States Government, the following notice is applicable: U.S. GOVERNMENT RIGHTS The U.S. Government’s rights to use, modify, reproduce, release, perform, display, or disclose these training materials are restricted by the terms of the applicable Oracle license agreement and/or the applicable U.S. Government contract. Trademark Notice Oracle and Java are registered trademarks of Oracle and/or its affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners. Contents 1 Oracle SuperCluster for System Administrators Course Objectives 1-2 Course Map 1-3 Additional Resources 1-4 How Prepared Are You? 1-5 Introductions 1-6 How to Use Course Materials 1-7 Conventions 1-8 Additional Conventions 1-10 Oracle SuperCluster: Introduction 1-11 Objectives 1-12 Relevance 1-13 Additional Resources for This Lesson 1-14 Freedom from Low-level Tasks Drives Innovation 1-15 There Is a Better Way I Engineered Systems 1-16 What Is Oracle SuperCluster? Best-of-Breed Technology Engineered to Work Together 1-17 Exadata Storage Server 1-18 Key Exadata Innovations 1-19 Oracle SuperCluster: Secure Cloud Infrastructure 1-20 Clustering: Oracle RAC and Oracle Solaris Cluster 1-21 Differences Between Oracle SuperCluster Models 1-22 Software Stack Engineered to Work Together 1-23 Always-On Virtual Tuning Expert Dynamic Self-Tuning for Highest Availability 1-24 Oracle Platinum Services High Availability Services at No Additional Costs 1-25 Oracle SuperCluster 1-27 Exercise: Answering Questions 1-28 Task 1: Answer the Following Questions 1-29 Exercise Summary 1-30 Exercise Solutions 1-31 Summary 1-32 2 Oracle SuperCluster T5-8: Overview Objectives 2-2 Relevance 2-3 Additional Resources 2-4 Oracle SuperCluster T5-8 Engineered to Work Together: Features and Benefits 2-5 Configuring Oracle SuperCluster Introduction to Configurations 2-7 Oracle SuperCluster T5-8 Complete Architecture Deliver Extreme Performance 2-8 Oracle SuperCluster T5-8 Components 2-9 Oracle SuperCluster T5-8 2-10 Compute Nodes: SPARC T5-8 (Front) 2-11 Compute Nodes: SPARC T5-8 (Rear) 2-12 Oracle SuperCluster T5-8 Storage 2-13 ZFS Storage Appliance Heads: ZS3-ES 2-14 ZFS 7320 Storage Appliance Cabling 2-15 Exadata Storage Servers 2-16 Management and Client Network 2-17 Oracle SuperCluster T5-8 Virtualization Layered Optimized Virtualization 2-18 Consolidation on Oracle SuperCluster 2-19 Seamless Scalability and Future Upgrades Start small. No limits. Easy upgrade. 2-21 Exadata Storage Expansion 2-22 Exercise: Answering Questions 2-23 Task 1: Answer the Following Questions and View Demonstration 2-24 Exercise Summary 2-25 Exercise Solutions 2-26 Summary 2-27 3 Oracle SuperCluster M6-32: Overview Objectives 3-2 Relevance 3-3 Additional Resources 3-4 What Is Oracle SuperCluster M6-32? 3-5 Component Definitions 3-6 Oracle SuperCluster M6-32 Engineered to Work Together: Features and Benefits 3-7 Oracle SuperCluster M6-32: Key Components (1/2) 3-9 Oracle SuperCluster M6-32: Key Components (2/2) 3-10 SPARC M6-32: Server Specifications 3-11 SPARC M6-32: Front Components 3-12 SPARC M6-32: Rear Components 3-13 Domain Configurable Units (DCUs) 3-14 What Is a Physical Domain? 3-15 Expandable Physical Domains 3-16 Hardware Configuration Classifications 3-17 Supported Hardware Configurations (1/5) 3-18 Supported Hardware Configurations (2/5) 3-19 Supported Hardware Configurations (3/5) 3-20 Supported Hardware Configurations (4/5) 3-21 Supported Hardware Configurations (5/5) 3-22 Oracle SuperCluster M6-32 Storage 3-23 ZS3-ES ZFS Storage Appliance: Storage Heads 3-24 ZFS Storage Appliance: Disk Array 3-25 ZS3-ES ZFS Storage Appliance: Cabling 3-26 Oracle SuperCluster M6-32 Switches 3-27 Management and Client Network 3-28 Oracle SuperCluster M6-32 Software Stack 3-29 Oracle SuperCluster M6-32 Virtualization Layered Optimized Virtualization 3-30 SPARC M6-32 Virtualization Infrastructure 3-31 Exercise: Answering Questions 3-32 Task 1: Answer the Following Questions 3-33 Exercise Summary 3-34 Exercise Solutions 3-35 Summary 3-36 4 Oracle SuperCluster M7 Overview Objectives 4-2 Relevance 4-3 Additional Resources 4-4 Component Definitions 4-5 What Is Oracle SuperCluster M7? 4-6 Oracle SuperCluster M7 Engineered to Work Together: Features and Benefits 4-7 SuperCluster M7: Hardware Architecture 4-8 SPARC M7 Server Specifications 4-9 Oracle SuperCluster M7 Storage 4-10 Oracle SuperCluster M7 Switches 4-11 Management and Client Network 4-12 Supported Hardware Configurations 4-13 Single Compute Server with 2 PDoms (2 CMIOUs) 4-14 Single Compute Server with 2 PDoms (4 CMIOUs) Version 1 4-15 Single Compute Server with 2 PDoms (4 CMIOUs) Version 2 4-16 Single Compute Server with 2 PDoms (6 CMIOUs) 4-17 Single Compute Server with 2 PDoms (8 CMIOUs) 4-18 Single Compute Server with 1 PDoms (1-8 CMIOUs) 4-19 Upgrade Options 4-20 Logical Domains and Oracle Solaris Zones 4-21 Logical Domain Types (1/2) 4-22 Logical Domain Types (2/2) 4-23 Example: Oracle SuperCluster M7 Domain Environment 4-24 Rack Layouts (2 PDOMs / Compute Server) 4-25 Compute Node Configuration 4-26 LDom Layouts Within a PDom 4-27 IO Ports and PCIe Root Complexes in a Four CMIOU Configuration 4-28 Oracle SuperCluster M7 Software Stack 4-29 Task 1: Answer the Following Questions 4-30 Exercise Summary 4-31 Exercise Solutions 4-32 Summary 4-33 5 SuperCluster Administration, Configuration, and Maintenance Objectives 5-2 Relevance 5-3 Additional Resources for This Lesson 5-4 Oracle SuperCluster Deployment Flexibility 5-5 Oracle SuperCluster: How Is It Used? Example 1 5-6 Oracle SuperCluster: How Is It Used? Example 2 5-8 Oracle SuperCluster: Internal Clusters Full Rack with HA Example 5-9 Administrative Interfaces 5-10 ZFS Storage Appliance BUI 5-11 Logging In to the ZFS Appliance 5-12 Navigating the CLI of the ZFS Appliance 5-13 Child Contexts on the ZFS Appliance 5-15 CLI Properties of the ZFS Appliance 5-16 Getting Properties on the ZFS Appliance 5-17 Projects on the ZFS Appliance 5-18 Shares on the ZFS Appliance 5-19 Other Storage Options 5-20 Exadata Storage Servers 5-21 Administrative Interfaces for the Exadata Storage 5-23 CellCLI for the Exadata Storage 5-24 Using the dcli Utility 5-28 dcli Examples 5-29 Monitoring the System 5-33 Checking Exadata Storage Firmware Versions 5-34 Displaying Exadata Storage Environmental Status 5-35 Administration Tasks 5-36 Before Shutting Down LDoms 5-37 Stopping a Domain 5-38 Starting a Domain 5-39 Shutting Down and Starting Up an Exadata Storage Server (1/2) 5-40 Shutting Down and Starting Up an Exadata Storage Server (2/2) 5-41 Dropping an Exadata Storage Server 5-42 Monitoring Write-Through Caching Mode on the Exadata Storage Server (1/3) 5-43 Monitoring Write-Through Caching Mode on the Exadata Storage Server (2/3) 5-44 Monitoring Write-Through Caching Mode on the Exadata Storage Server (3/3) 5-45 Emergency Power Off Procedures 5-46 Managing Oracle SuperCluster 5-47 OEM Ops Center 5-48 Additional SC Management Tools (1/3) 5-49 Additional SC Management Tools (2/3) 5-50 Additional SC Management Tools (3/3) 5-51 Connecting an Oracle SuperCluster to an Oracle Exadata Storage Expansion Rack 5-52 Network IP Address Requirements (1/2) 5-53 Network IP Address Requirements (2/2) 5-54 Network Connection Requirements for the Oracle Exadata Storage Expansion Rack 5-55 Rack Layout 5-56 Connecting an Oracle Exadata Storage Expansion Rack to Oracle SuperCluster 5-57 Maintaining SuperCluster Components (1/2) 5-58 Maintaining SuperCluster Components (2/2) 5-59 Useful Status Commands 5-60 Additional Status Commands 5-61 Determining the Status of System Components 5-62 Determining the Version of System Components 5-66 Hardware Diagnostic Best Practices (1/7) 5-71 Hardware Diagnostic Best Practices (2/7) 5-72 Hardware Diagnostic Best Practices (3/7) 5-73 Hardware Diagnostic Best Practices (4/7) 5-74 Hardware Diagnostic Best Practices (5/7) 5-75 Hardware Diagnostic Best Practices (6/7) 5-76 Hardware Diagnostic Best Practices (7/7) 5-77 Automatic Service Request (ASR) 5-78 Check for an Existing ASR Manager Server 5-79 ASR Considerations 5-80 Oracle Configuration Manager (OCM) 5-81 Oracle Configuration Manager (OCM): Location 5-82 Exercises and Discussion 5-83 Task 2: Answer the Following Questions 5-84 Exercise Summary 5-85 Summary 5-86 6 SuperCluster Virtualization Objectives 6-2 Relevance 6-3 Additional Resources 6-4 Outline 6-5 Virtualization Types 6-6 Enterprise Class Built-in Security 6-7 Oracle SuperCluster Virtualization Layered Optimized Virtualization using Dedicated Domains 6-8 Oracle SuperCluster Logical Domain Types 6-9 SuperCluster Root Domains 6-11 I/O Domain Concept: Overview 6-12 Additional Information: SuperCluster I/O Domain Resources 6-13 Additional Information: IO Domain Resources 6-14 I/O Domains and Oracle Solaris Zones: Comparison 6-15 SuperCluster Virtualization Options 6-16 Recognized License Boundaries 6-17 SuperCluster Virtual Assistant (SVA) 6-18 SVA Administrator Navigation Panel 6-19 SVA User Navigation Panel 6-20 Database Consolidation Example 6-22 Task 1: Answer the Following Questions 6-23 Exercise Summary 6-24 Exercise Solutions 6-25 Summary 6-26 7 Oracle SuperCluster: Best Practices Objectives 7-2 Relevance 7-3 Additional Resources for this Lesson 7-4 Oracle SuperCluster: Tools and Utilities 7-5 SuperCluster: Tools and Utilities System Utilities: osc-setcoremem SuperCluster: Tools and Utilities System Utilities 7-7 SuperCluster: Tools and Utilities Domain Utilities 7-8 SuperCluster: Tools and Utilities Database Utilities 7-11 Best Practices 7-12 Best Practices for Deployment Dedicated Domains 7-13 7-6 Best Practices for Deployment Root Domains 7-14 Best Practices for Deployment I/O Domains 7-15 Postdeployment Recommendations 7-16 Postdeployment Recommendations SuperCluster Virtual Tuning Assistant 7-17 Postdeployment Recommendations Oracle Optimized Solutions for Backup and Recovery 7-19 Postdeployment Recommendations Database Optimizations 7-20 Postdeployment Recommendations Operating Environment 7-21 Postdeployment Recommendations ZFS Storage Appliance 7-22 Backing Up the SuperCluster Configuration osc-config-backup 7-23 Configuration Backups 7-24 Backup and Restore of SuperCluster M7 and M6-32 SPs and T5-8 ILOMs 7-25 Backup and Restore of Solaris Boot Environments 7-26 Backup of ZFSSA ILOMs 7-27 Restore of ZFSSA ILOMs 7-29 Backup and Restore of IB ILOMs 7-30 Backup of Management Switch 7-31 Restore of Management Switch 7-32 Oracle SuperCluster Backup and Recovery: Overview 7-33 Storage Layout 7-34 Configuration Backups 7-35 Oracle Exalogic and Unstructured Data on the ZFS Storage Appliance (ZS3-ES) 7-37 Oracle Databases on Oracle Exadata Storage Servers 7-38 Oracle Secure Backup: Overview 7-39 Oracle Optimized Solutions for Backup and Recovery 7-40 Supported Backup and Recovery Applications 7-41 Disaster Recovery 7-42 Oracle Optimized Solution for Disaster Recovery on Oracle SuperCluster 7-43 Oracle SuperCluster Archiving 7-44 Maintaining Your SuperCluster Exachk 7-45 Maintaining Your SuperCluster Exachk: Recommended Usage 7-46 Maintaining Your SuperCluster My Oracle Support (MOS) 7-47 Maintaining Your SuperCluster MOS Access 7-48 Maintaining Your SuperCluster MOS Hot Topics Email 7-49 Maintaining Your SuperCluster Subscribing to MOS Hot Topics 7-50 Maintaining Your SuperCluster MOS Information Centers 7-52 Maintaining Your SuperCluster Patching and Maintenance 7-54 Maintaining Your SuperCluster Patch Terminology 7-55 Maintaining Your SuperCluster Quarterly Full Stack Download Patch (QFSDP) 7-57 Maintaining Your SuperCluster Reactive and Proactive Patching 7-58 Maintaining Your SuperCluster Oracle Engineered System Hardware Manager (ESHM) 7-59 Maintaining Your SuperCluster Automatic Service Request (ASR) 7-60 Oracle Enterprise Manager and Oracle Ops Center Top Ops Center Features for SuperCluster 7-61 Exercise: Answering Questions 7-62 Task 1: Answer the Following Questions 7-63 Exercise Summary 7-64 Exercise Solutions 7-65 Summary 7-66 8 Troubleshooting and Common Tasks Objectives 8-2 Relevance 8-3 Additional Resources 8-4 Machine Troubleshooting 8-8 Collecting Information and Determining a Problem Statement 8-9 Machine Troubleshooting 8-10 PDU on a SuperCluster 8-12 State of the T5-8 Compute Nodes 8-13 Interpreting Front and Rear Panel LEDs on the M6-32 Server 8-14 Interpreting SuperCluster M7 Front Panel LEDs 8-16 Interpreting SuperCluster M7 Rear Panel LEDs 8-17 State of the Storage 8-18 State of the Switches 8-20 Checking for Server Faults 8-21 Oracle SuperCluster Toolkit Installation and Configuration Monitoring and Assistance 8-22 Interpreting Log Files and System Messages on SuperClusters M6-32 and M7 8-23 Displaying Console History 8-24 Event and Audit Logs 8-25 Managing Event and Audit Logs 8-26 Locating Log Files: ZFS Storage Appliance (1/3) 8-27 Locating Log Files: ZFS Storage Appliance (2/3) 8-28 Locating Log Files: ZFS Storage Appliance (3/3) 8-29 ZFS Storage Appliance Phone Home Service 8-30 Packaging Log Files: Exadata 8-31 Exercises and Discussion 8-32 Task 1: Answer the Following Questions 8-33 Exercise Summary 8-34 Summary 8-35 1 Oracle SuperCluster for System Administrators Copyright © 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Course Objectives After completing this course, you should be able to: • List the functions and features of Oracle SuperCluster • Identify the components and architecture of Oracle SuperCluster • Integrate Oracle SuperCluster into an existing data center • Administer Oracle SuperCluster • Configure Oracle VM Server for SPARC (LDoms) and discuss the configuration options • Perform basic troubleshooting and common tasks of Oracle SuperCluster, including backup and recovery • Know where to obtain and use SuperCluster and Solaris best practices Copyright © 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle SuperCluster for System Administrators 1 - 2 Course Map The following course map enables you to see what you have accomplished and where you are going with reference to the course goals. Lesson 2: Oracle SuperCluster T5-8 Overview Lesson 1: SuperCluster Introduction Lesson 3: Oracle SuperCluster M6-32 Overview Lesson 4: Oracle SuperCluster M7 Overview LLeessssoonn 35:: Exadata S raig rs, Atdom neisS treartvioen Configuration, and Maintenance of Oracle SuperCluster LLeessssoonn 57:: Best C Po rancstoicliedsation within the SuperCluster LLeessssoonn 46:: LDoms aSnudpe CroCnlu fis gtuerration O Vp irtuoanliszation LLeessssoonn 68:: B tb Plreaschtiocoetsing Te rosu and Common Tasks Copyright © 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Note: Lessons 2, 3, and 4 are optional and should be taken if the student requires an overview of T5-8, M6-32 and, M7, respectively. Oracle SuperCluster for System Administrators 1 - 3 Additional Resources • SuperCluster Product Page – • • SuperCluster Product Documentation – Oracle SuperCluster M7 – Oracle SuperCluster M6-32 – Oracle SuperCluster T5-8 My Oracle Support (MOS) – • Oracle Learning Library (OLL) – • Oracle by Example (OBE) – • Oracle Technology Network (OTN) – • Oracle Partner Network Solutions – Copyright © 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle SuperCluster for System Administrators 1 - 4 How Prepared Are You? To be sure that you are prepared to take this course, can you answer “Yes” to the following questions? • Are you familiar with the Solaris operating system? • Can you perform basic administration and troubleshooting? Copyright © 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle SuperCluster for System Administrators 1 - 5 Introductions Now that you have been introduced to the course, introduce yourself to the other students and the instructor. Provide the following information: • Name • Company affiliation • Title, function, and job responsibility • Experience related to topics presented in this course • Reasons for enrolling in this course • Expectations for this course Copyright © 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle SuperCluster for System Administrators 1 - 6 How to Use Course Materials To enable you to succeed in this course, these course materials contain lessons that are composed of the following components: • Goals: You should be able to accomplish the goals after finishing this course and meeting all of its objectives. • Objectives: You should be able to accomplish the objectives after completing a portion of the instructional content. Objectives support goals and can support other higher-level objectives. • Lecture: The instructor presents information specific to the objective of the lesson. This information helps you gain the knowledge and skills necessary to succeed with the activities. • Activities: The activities take various forms, such as exercises, self-checks, discussions, and demonstrations. Activities help you facilitate the mastery of an objective. • Visual aids: The instructor might use several visual aids to convey a concept (such as a process) in a visual form. Visual aids commonly contain graphics, animation, and videos. Copyright © 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle SuperCluster for System Administrators 1 - 7 Conventions Icons Additional resources: Indicates other references that provide additional information about the topics described in the lesson Discussion: Indicates that a small group or class discussion about the current topic is recommended at this time Note: Indicates additional information that can help students but is not crucial to their understanding of the concept being described. Students should be able to understand the concept or complete the task without this information. Examples of notational information include keyword shortcuts and minor system adjustments. Caution: Indicates a risk of personal injury from a nonelectrical hazard or a risk of irreversible damage to data, software, or the operating system. A caution indicates that there is a possibility of a hazard (as opposed to certainty), depending on the action of the user. Extreme Caution: Indicates that either personal injury or irreversible damage of data, software, or the operating system will occur if the user performs this action. A warning does not indicate potential events. If the action is performed, catastrophic events will occur. Copyright © 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle SuperCluster for System Administrators 1 - 8 Typographical Conventions Courier New is used for names of commands, files, and directories; programming code; and onscreen computer output...
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