PL100 WPR 4

PL100 WPR 4 - PL100 WPR4 Lesson 20 1. McCrae and Costa's...

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PL100 WPR4 Lesson 20 1. McCrae and Costa’s Five-Factor Model of Personality. (OCEAN) Maintains that most personality traits are derived form just five higher-order trains know as the “Big Five”: Openness to experience: curiosity, flexibility, vivid fantasy, imaginative, arstisic, unconventional attitudes Conscientiousness : diligent, disciplined, well organized, punctual, dependable Extraversion: outgoing, sociable, upbeat, friendly, assertive and gregarious (+ emotionality) Aggreeableness: sympathetic, trusting,cooperative, modest, straightforward Neuroticism: anxious, hostile, self-concious, insecure, and vulnerable (- emotionality) 2. Social comparison Lateral comparison: a person compares himself with peoples similar to himself; give the most accurate perception Upward comparison: means of gaining self-knowledge; usually shows a need for improvement; can be discouraging Downward comparison: means to boost out egos or maintain our self-esteem; give an inaccurate perception; used when there is a need for self-enhancement 3. Self discrepancy theory The difference between our self-concept and our ideal and ought selves affect how we feel about ourselves Actual self : who we are Ought self : determined by out sense of duty, responsibility, or obligation (who we should be) Ideal self: determined by hopes, wishes, and dreams of ourselves and other people (who we would like to be) OUGHT SELF Failure to live up to our own oughts leads to guilt Faliure to live up to others oughts for us leads to shame Both guilt and shame lead to anxiety IDEAL SELF Failure to live up to our ideals leads to disappointment Failure to live up to others’ ideals leads to lack of pride Disappointment and lack of pride lead to depression LESSON 21 1. Freuds components of personality Id : the primitive, instinctive component of personality that operates according to the pleasure principle : demands immediate gratification of its urges; biological urges Ego : decision-making component of personality that operates according to the reality principle : seeks to delay gratification of the id’s urges until appropriate outlets and situations can be found; considers social norms Superego : the moral component of personality that incorporates social standards about what represents right and wrong.
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2. Defense mechanisms DON’T MEMORIZE ALL THESE JUST BE FAMILIAR WITH THEM! 3. Freud’s Psychosexual stages Stage Ages Erotic focus Key tasks and experiences Defense mechanism definition Example Repression Keeping distressing thoughts and feelings buried in the unconscious Traumatized soldier has no recollection of the details of the close brush with death Projection
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course PL 100 taught by Professor Meine during the Spring '08 term at West Point.

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PL100 WPR 4 - PL100 WPR4 Lesson 20 1. McCrae and Costa's...

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