chapter11 - CHAPTER 11 Interest Groups 0OBJECTIVES The...

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CHAPTER 11 Interest Groups 0OBJECTIVES The purpose of this chapter is to survey the wide variety of interest groups that operate in the United States and to assess their impact on the political system. After reading and reviewing the material in this chapter, the student should be able to do each of the following:0 10. Explain why the characteristics of United States society and government encourage a multiplicity of interest groups. 20. Indicate the historical conditions under which interest groups are likely to form and specify the kinds of organizations Americans are most likely to join. 30. Describe relations between leaders and rank-and-file members of groups, including why members’ priorities may not determine the leaders’ actions. 40. Describe several methods that interest groups use to formulate and carry out their political objectives, especially the lobbying techniques they use to gain public support. 50. List the laws regulating conflict of interest, and describe the problems involved with revolving- door government employment. Describe the balance between the First Amendment’s freedom of expression and the need to prevent corruption in the political system. 0OVERVIEW Interest groups in the United States are more numerous and more fragmented than those in nations such as Great Britain, where the political system is more centralized. The goals and tactics of interest groups reflect not only the interests of their members but also the size of the groups, the incentives with which they attract supporters, and the role of their professional staffs. Because of the difficulty of organizing large numbers of people, a group purporting to speak for mass constituencies will often have to provide material benefits to members or acquire an affluent sponsor. The chief source of interest group influence is information; public support, money, and the ability to create “trouble” are also important. The right to lobby is protected by the Constitution, but tax and campaign-finance laws impose significant restrictions on how interest groups may spend money. 0CHAPTER OUTLINE WITH KEYED-IN RESOURCES0 I0. Introduction0 A0. Factors that promote the establishment of interest groups in the U. S.0 10. Size and diversity of the country 20. Decentralizing effects of Constitution 30. Vast numbers of nonprofit organizations 40. The increasing weakening of political parties 5. Great variety of ethnic groups 6. More than seventy religious organizations 7. Power is shared among three branches of government 8. Federal system recognizes the independence and power of the states
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Chapter 11: Interest Groups B. The First Amendment protects the right of lobbyists to freedom of speech and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.
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chapter11 - CHAPTER 11 Interest Groups 0OBJECTIVES The...

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