chapter12 - CHAPTER 12 The Media 0OBJECTIVES This chapter...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
CHAPTER 12 The Media 0 OBJECTIVES This chapter examines the historical evolution and present status of relations between the government and the news media. After reading and reviewing the material in this chapter, the student should be able to do each of the following:0 10. Describe the evolution of journalism in U.S. political history and indicate the differences between the party press and the mass media of today. 20. Demonstrate how the characteristics of the electronic media have affected the actions of public officials and candidates for national office. 30. Describe the impact of the pattern of ownership and control of the media on the dissemination of news. Show how wire services and TV networks have affected national news coverage. Discuss the impact of the national press. 40. Discuss the issue of media bias and how this bias might manifest itself. Assess the impact of such bias on the electorate. 50. Assess the impact of the media on public opinion and on the functioning of government institutions. Explain why a free press is a critical component of the American democratic system of government. 0OVERVIEW Changes in American politics have been accompanied by—and influenced by—changes in the mass media. The rise of strong national political party organizations was facilitated by the emergence of mass-circulation daily newspapers. Political reform movements depended in part on the development of national magazines catering to middle-class opinion. The weakening of political parties was accelerated by the ability of candidates to speak directly to constituents via radio and television. The role of journalists in a democratic society poses an inevitable dilemma: If they are to serve well as information gatherers, gatekeepers, scorekeepers, and watchdogs, they must be free of government controls. But to the extent that they are free of such controls, they are also free to act in their own political or economic interests. In the United States, a competitive press largely free of government controls has contributed to a substantial diversity of opinion and a general (though not unanimous) commitment to the goal of fairness in news reporting. The national media are in general more liberal than the local media, but the extent to which a reporter’s beliefs affect reporting varies greatly with the kind of story—routine, feature, or insider. 0CHAPTER OUTLINE WITH KEYED-IN RESOURCES0 I0. Journalism in American political history (THEME A: THE HISTORY AND STRUCTURE OF THE NEWS MEDIA IN THE United States) A0. Changing media technology 10. New Media: television, Internet; Old Media: newspapers, magazines a0) The New Media that are challenging the Old Media
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Chapter 12: The Media (1)0 More television viewers than newspaper readers (2)0 More people read web log (blog) postings than read magazine articles (3)0 Bloggers showed evidence that CBS documents incriminating President George W. Bush were forgeries (4)0 In 2008, 80 percent of those between the ages of eighteen and twenty-nine
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/02/2011 for the course POL 102 taught by Professor Cover during the Fall '08 term at SUNY Stony Brook.

Page1 / 8

chapter12 - CHAPTER 12 The Media 0OBJECTIVES This chapter...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online