ANTH 101 A - Four Fields of Anthropology The idea is to...

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Four Fields of Anthropology The idea is to know what the four fields are and know what the anthropologists in those fields do. 1. Biological and Physical Fields of Anthropology a. Interested in humans as biological creatures – how did humans evolve? b. Interested in humans in the genetic sense. c. Also interested in how humans adapt to their environment, both in a physical and a social sense. How do you adapt to the different types of climates, etc.? d. Biological anthropologists are also interested in primates and primate behavior, due to the theory that humans are descended from similar creatures. e. Understanding the behavior of modern primates might help us to better understand how earlier primates adapted that we cannot directly study. The history of humans in terms of fossil and skeletal remains. 2. Archaeological anthropology a. Interested in past human behaviors through the study of material remains. Takes the stuff that people left behind and uses that stuff to reconstruct how people may have live. 3. Linguistic Anthropology a. Interested in similarities and differences in languages b. There are over 1000 languages spoken by humans today c. Also interested in the development and evolution of language d. Interested in the different ways to use language – (i.e., use of proper English, colloquial English, street talk, and so forth) 4. Cultural Anthropology a. Study of modern human behavior through active participation b. Study people who live today c. Traditionally these anthropologists travel to cultures other than their own in order to learn differences between their own culture d. Over the last 40 years there has been a shift of anthropology for the anthropologist to remain near to their home culture and study the anthropology of the local culture – (Recent classic “ Crack en el barrio ”) Major Concepts of Anthropology There are two really fundamental and irreplaceable aspects to the field of anthropology – - Culture : Sets of learned behavior and ideas that humans acquire as members of societies . We acquire most of these learned behaviors as children. Most persons within a culture learn the same sets of behavior and ideas as other persons in the same culture. o Culture: Attributes of individuals as members of groups . o A distinction between “culture” and the behavior of animals is that humans are able over time to reject their culture, to change their culture through the generations, and to have a wider and more varied array of components. - Evolution : (in anthropological terms) Human biological change. o Professor’s Statement – Evolution has determined the color of hair, eyes, etc. All determined by the evolutionary history. o
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2011 for the course ANTH 101 taught by Professor Boone during the Spring '07 term at New Mexico.

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ANTH 101 A - Four Fields of Anthropology The idea is to...

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